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The discovery of Caligus macrurus Heller, 1865 (Copepoda: Caligidae) in the Mediterranean Sea, and the recognition of Sciaenophilus van Beneden, 1852 as a junior synonym of Caligus Müller, 1785

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Abstract

The siphonostomatoid parasitic copepod Caligus macrurus Heller, 1865 is redescribed based on new material collected from the gill filaments and pharynx of tripletail Lobotes surinamensis Bloch (Lobotidae) caught in Iskenderun Bay, Turkey. Key diagnostic characters and newly observed taxonomic features are reported, supported by light and scanning electron microscopy observations. This is the first report of C. macrurus from Mediterranean waters. Caligus macrurus is also recognised as conspecific with the better known Caligus bennetti Causey, 1953, found on the same host, which becomes a junior subjective synonym of C. macrurus. Caligus O.F. Müller, 1785 and Sciaenophilus van Beneden, 1852 have both been treated as valid genera within the family Caligidae although numerous doubts have been expressed over the validity of the latter. The morphological evidence does not support generic level distinction and we recommend the transfer of all species currently placed in Sciaenophilus into Caligus as C. tenuis (van Beneden, 1852), C. pharaonis von Nordmann, 1832, C. nibeae Shen, 1957 and C. macrurus.

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Acknowledgements

We would like to thank Assoc. Prof. Dr. Kasım Ocakoglu, Head of Advanced Technologies Research & Application Center (MEITAM) of the University of Mersin, Turkey, for his administrative support. We also would like to thank Prof. Suphan Karaytug and Ms. Seher Kuru from Mersin University, Turkey, for their technical help and comments during the SEM and LM studies.

Funding

This study was funded by the Cukurova University Academic Research Projects Unit (SUF2013BAP2).

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Correspondence to Argun Akif Özak.

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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All applicable institutional, national and international guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.

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Özak, A.A., Yanar, A. & Boxshall, G.A. The discovery of Caligus macrurus Heller, 1865 (Copepoda: Caligidae) in the Mediterranean Sea, and the recognition of Sciaenophilus van Beneden, 1852 as a junior synonym of Caligus Müller, 1785. Syst Parasitol 94, 97–109 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11230-016-9682-4

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Keywords

  • Gill Filament
  • Plumose Seta
  • Parasitic Copepod
  • Outer Spine
  • Pedigerous Somite