Systematic Parasitology

, Volume 94, Issue 1, pp 97–109 | Cite as

The discovery of Caligus macrurus Heller, 1865 (Copepoda: Caligidae) in the Mediterranean Sea, and the recognition of Sciaenophilus van Beneden, 1852 as a junior synonym of Caligus Müller, 1785

  • Argun Akif Özak
  • Alper Yanar
  • Geoffrey Allan Boxshall


The siphonostomatoid parasitic copepod Caligus macrurus Heller, 1865 is redescribed based on new material collected from the gill filaments and pharynx of tripletail Lobotes surinamensis Bloch (Lobotidae) caught in Iskenderun Bay, Turkey. Key diagnostic characters and newly observed taxonomic features are reported, supported by light and scanning electron microscopy observations. This is the first report of C. macrurus from Mediterranean waters. Caligus macrurus is also recognised as conspecific with the better known Caligus bennetti Causey, 1953, found on the same host, which becomes a junior subjective synonym of C. macrurus. Caligus O.F. Müller, 1785 and Sciaenophilus van Beneden, 1852 have both been treated as valid genera within the family Caligidae although numerous doubts have been expressed over the validity of the latter. The morphological evidence does not support generic level distinction and we recommend the transfer of all species currently placed in Sciaenophilus into Caligus as C. tenuis (van Beneden, 1852), C. pharaonis von Nordmann, 1832, C. nibeae Shen, 1957 and C. macrurus.


Gill Filament Plumose Seta Parasitic Copepod Outer Spine Pedigerous Somite 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We would like to thank Assoc. Prof. Dr. Kasım Ocakoglu, Head of Advanced Technologies Research & Application Center (MEITAM) of the University of Mersin, Turkey, for his administrative support. We also would like to thank Prof. Suphan Karaytug and Ms. Seher Kuru from Mersin University, Turkey, for their technical help and comments during the SEM and LM studies.


This study was funded by the Cukurova University Academic Research Projects Unit (SUF2013BAP2).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All applicable institutional, national and international guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Argun Akif Özak
    • 1
  • Alper Yanar
    • 2
  • Geoffrey Allan Boxshall
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Fish Diseases & Aquaculture, Faculty of FisheriesUniversity of ÇukurovaAdanaTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Marine Sciences, Faculty of Marine Sciences and TechnologyIskenderun Technical UniversityIskenderunTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Life SciencesThe Natural History MuseumLondonUK

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