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Phylogenetic position of Magnivitellinum Kloss, 1966 and Perezitrema Baruš & Moravec, 1967 (Trematoda: Plagiorchioidea: Macroderoididae) inferred from partial 28S rDNA sequences, with the establishment of Alloglossidiidae n. fam.

Abstract

The systematic position of two genera of Macroderoididae McMullen, 1937, Perezitrema Baruš & Moravec, 1967 and Magnivitellinum Kloss, 1966 is reviewed based on a phylogenetic analysis of the interrelationships of 15 species of the family allocated into six genera, along with 44 species of plagiorchioid trematodes, using partial sequences of the 28S rRNA gene. Sequences were analysed through parsimony, maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference. The obtained topologies show Perezitrema as the sister taxon of three species of Macroderoides Pearse, 1924; the latter genus appears to be paraphyletic since another three species are not included in this group. Instead, Magnivitellinum was placed as the sister taxon of Alloglossidium Simer, 1929. These relationships are well supported by high bootstrap and posterior probability values. The resulting trees demonstrate that the family Macroderoididae, as currently conceived in taxonomic treatments, is not monophyletic. Magnivitellinum simplex Kloss, 1966 and Alloglossidium spp. were nested as sister taxa of members of the family Leptophallidae Dayal, 1938, whereas Perezitrema bychowskii Baruš & Moravec, 1967 and species of Macroderoides and Paramacroderoides Venard, 1941 were grouped with Auridistomum chelydrae (Stafford, 1900), a monotypic member of Auridistomidae Stunkard, 1924. Based on our results, a new family, Alloglossidiidae n. fam. was established to accommodate the genera Magnivitellinum and Alloglossidium.

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Acknowledgements

This study represents a partial fulfillment of DIHM to obtain a PhD in the Posgrado en Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. DIHM also thanks the Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACyT) for scholarship No. 245193. We thank Brenda Solorzano, Carlos Mendoza and Carlos Pedraza for their help during field work.

Funding

This project was funded by the Programa de Apoyo a Proyectos de Investigación e Innovación Tecnológica (PAPIIT)-UNAM IN204514 to GPPL. This paper was written during the sabbatical leave of GPPL to the University of Otago, New Zealand. Thanks are due to Professor Robert Poulin for facilities provided in his laboratory, and to DGAPA-UNAM and CONACyT for their support through their sabbatical programs.

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Correspondence to Gerardo Pérez-Ponce de León.

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All applicable institutional, national and international guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed. Hosts were collected under the Cartilla Nacional de Colector Científico de Flora y Fauna Silvestre FAUT-0057 issued to GPPL by the Secretaria del Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales.

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Hernández-Mena, D.I., Mendoza-Garfias, B., Ornelas-García, C.P. et al. Phylogenetic position of Magnivitellinum Kloss, 1966 and Perezitrema Baruš & Moravec, 1967 (Trematoda: Plagiorchioidea: Macroderoididae) inferred from partial 28S rDNA sequences, with the establishment of Alloglossidiidae n. fam.. Syst Parasitol 93, 525–538 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11230-016-9645-9

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Keywords

  • Ventral Sucker
  • Sister Taxon
  • Molecular Phylogenetic Analysis
  • Oral Sucker
  • Posterior Extremity