Systematic Parasitology

, Volume 91, Issue 1, pp 49–61 | Cite as

A morphological and molecular study of two species of Raphidascaroides Yamaguti, 1941 (Nematoda: Anisakidae), parasites of doradid catfish (Siluriformes) in South America, with a description of R. moraveci n. sp.

  • Felipe B. Pereira
  • Luiz E. R. Tavares
  • Tomáš Scholz
  • José L. Luque


Nematodes of the genus Raphidascaroides Yamaguti, 1941 parasitising doradid catfishes (Siluriformes: Doradidae) in Brazil were studied based on morphological and molecular evaluation of newly collected material. A new species, Raphidascaroides moraveci n. sp., is described from the intestine of Platydoras armatulus (Valenciennes) from River Miranda, River Paraguay basin, Pantanal, Mato Grosso do Sul. The new species differs from all of the congeners in having short spicules (163–217 μm in length) representing less than 1% of the total body length and in the posterior region of cloacal opening covered by small rudimentary spines. In addition, it differs from the other congeneric species in the number and arrangement of the caudal papillae and the structure of lips and tail. Raphidascaroides moraveci n. sp. is the third species described from freshwater fishes and the second one in the Neotropical Region. New morphological data on R. brasiliensis Moravec & Thatcher, 1997 from Megalodoras uranoscopus (Eigenmann & Eigenmann) and Platydoras costatus (Linnaeus) (both new host records) from River Xingu, River Amazon basin, Pará, are provided including scanning electron micrographs of taxonomically important structures. The differentiation of the new species is supported by molecular data (partial sequences of the small and large subunits of the rRNA gene).


Total Body Length Excretory Pore Anisakid Nematode River Amazon Basin Precloacal Papilla 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This study was supported by the “Ciência sem fronteiras” Brazilian program for visiting researchers (No. 135/2012; stay of TS at the Universidade Federal Rural de Rio de Janeiro) and Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) grants to JLL (Nos 474077/2011-0, 304254/2011-8, 402665/2012-0). FBP was supported by a CAPES (Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior) fellowship for a five month stay at the Institute of Parasitology, Biology Centre of the Czech Academy of Sciences, České Budějovice (IPCAS). TS was also supported by the IPCAS (RVO: 60077344) and the Czech Science Foundation (P505/12/G112). The authors’ thanks are also due to the staff of the Laboratory of Electron Microscopy, IPCAS, for their technical assistance, Blanka Škoríková for help in providing scientific literature, František Moravec for his valuable comments during manuscript preparation and Jan Brabec, all from the IPCAS, for help with molecular analyses, and David Gonzalez-Solís from El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, Chetumal, Mexico, for valuable advice. Thanks are also due to Aldenice Pereira, Fabiano Paschoal, Philippe Vieira Alves and Juliana Moreira for help with fish collection and parasitological examination and Emil José Hernández Ruiz, Universidade Federal do Pará, Altamira, for providing the facilities during the field trip to the River Xingu. Finally, the authors would also like to thank Fernando Paiva and the staff of the Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso do Sul, for providing logistical support and facilities during collecting trip to the River Miranda.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Felipe B. Pereira
    • 1
  • Luiz E. R. Tavares
    • 2
  • Tomáš Scholz
    • 3
  • José L. Luque
    • 1
  1. 1.Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Veterinárias and Departamento de Parasitologia AnimalUniversidade Federal Rural do Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Laboratório de Parasitologia Veterinária, Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da SaúdeUniversidade Federal do Mato Grosso do SulCampo GrandeBrazil
  3. 3.Institute of ParasitologyBiology Centre of the Czech Academy of SciencesČeské BudějoviceCzech Republic

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