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Description of Uncinaria lyonsi n. sp. (Nematoda: Ancylostomatidae) from the California sea lion Zalophus californianus Lesson (Carnivora: Otariidae)

Abstract

A new species of hookworm, Uncinaria lyonsi n. sp., is described based on morphological studies of the nematodes collected by Dr. E. T. Lyons from the California sea lion Zalophus californianus (Lesson) on San Miguel Island, California, USA. The new species is morphologically similar to three other species of the genus Uncinaria Frölich, 1789 parasitising pinnipeds, U. lucasi Stiles, 1901, U. hamiltoni Baylis, 1933 and U. sanguinis Marcus, Higgins, Šlapeta & Gray, 2014, in the body dimensions, the structure of the buccal capsule, the shape and structure of the male caudal bursa and female genital system. Uncinaria lyonsi n. sp. is differentiated from U. lucasi by having longer spicules and gubernaculum, larger buccal capsule and more slender oesophagus. The new species differs from U. hamiltoni and U. sanguinis in having shorter spicules and narrower buccal capsule. The latter two species also occur in the Southern Hemisphere and are geographically separated from U. lyonsi n. sp. The present study confirms the existence of a host-specific species of Uncinaria in the California sea lion, previously revealed by molecular and biological investigations.

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Acknowledgements

We would like to thank to Dr. Eugene T. Lyons from the University of Kentucky, Maxwell H. Gluck Equine Research Centre (Lexington, KY, USA), Dr. Steven Nadler from the University of California (Davis, CA, USA), and Dr. Eric Hoberg, curator of the U.S. National Parasite Collection (Beltsville, MD, USA), for the specimens of Uncinaria kindly loaned for our study. The morphological studies of the nematodes were performed using the equipment of the Centre of Collective Equipment Usage “Animalia”, NAS of Ukraine (Kyiv, Ukraine).

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Correspondence to Tetiana A. Kuzmina.

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Kuzmina, T.A., Kuzmin, Y. Description of Uncinaria lyonsi n. sp. (Nematoda: Ancylostomatidae) from the California sea lion Zalophus californianus Lesson (Carnivora: Otariidae). Syst Parasitol 90, 165–176 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11230-014-9539-7

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Keywords

  • Excretory Pore
  • Buccal Capsule
  • United States National Parasite Collection
  • Oesophagus Length
  • Posterior Bulb