Systematic Parasitology

, Volume 89, Issue 3, pp 259–270 | Cite as

New species of Spauligodon Skrjabin, Schikhobalova & Lagodovskaja, 1960 and Thubunea Seurat, 1914 (Nematoda) from the gastro-intestinal tract of lizards in Iran

  • Samaneh Pazoki
  • Hassan RahimianEmail author


As part of a faunistic study on helminth parasites of Iranian lizards collected from localities in the north of Isfahan province in Iran, two new nematode species belonging to two different families, Pharyngodonidae Travassos, 1919 and Physalopteroidae Railliet, 1893, were found and are, hereby, described. Spauligodon persiensis n. sp. from the large intestine of Cyrtopodion scabrum Heyden is characterised by its imperceptible lateral alae, lack of spicule, different shape of the genital curtain, position of last pair of papillae, aspinose tail in males, position of the vulva and excretory pore, and a tail filament with six to nine spines in females. Thubunea mobedii n. sp. from the stomach of Laudakia nupta nupta (De Filipi) differs from the other species in the genus by possessing a vulva at level of the posterior portion of the oesophageal-intestinal junction in females, lacking spicules, and having a different number of papillae in males. The present paper provides the results of detailed morphological examination of the two new nematode species, using both light and scanning electron microscopy. Taxonomically important characteristics for the members of the two nematode genera, Spauligodon Skrjabin, Schikhobalova & Lagodovskaja, 1960 and Thubunea Seurat, 1914, are also reviewed.


Nema Buccal Cavity Excretory Pore Anterior Extremity Isfahan Province 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We thank H. Parsa, H. Salehi, S. Nasiri and A. Kazemi (Faculty of Biology, University of Tehran) for their valuable assistance in sampling and identification of the lizard hosts; S. Abbasi (Faculty of Biology, University of Tehran) for assistance with laboratory studies; Prof. I. Mobedi (Tehran University of Medical Sciences), Dr. S. Goldberg (Whittier College) and Prof. F. Bisaggio Pereira (Instituto de Ciencias Biologicas, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora) for their help with obtaining literature sources and A. Afshar (College of Science, University of Tehran) for the SEM photomicrography.


  1. Adamson, M. L., & Nasher, A. K. (1984a). Pharyngodonidae (Oxyuroidea: Nematoda) of Agama yemenensis in Saudi Arabia: Hypothesis on the origin of pharyngodonids of herbivorous reptiles. Systematic Parasitology, 6, 299–318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Adamson, M. L., & Nasher, A. K. (1984b). Pharyngodonids (Oxyuroidea: Nematoda) of Agama adramitana in Saudi Arabia with notes on Parapharyngodon. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 62, 2600–2609.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ainsworth, R. (1990). Male dimorphism in two new species of nematode (Pharyngodonidae: Oxyurida) from New Zealand lizards. Journal of Parasitology, 76, 812–822.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Akhtar, S. A. (1939). On some nematode parasites from Afghanistan. Proceedings: Plant Sciences, 10, 287–291.Google Scholar
  5. Al-Barwari, S. E., & Saeed, I. (2007). On the helminth fauna of some Iraqi reptiles. Türkiye Parazitoloji Dergisi, 31, 330–336.Google Scholar
  6. Astasio Arbiza, P., Zapatero Ramos, L. M., Ojeda Rosas, C., & Solera Puertas, M. A. (1987). Description of Spauligodon atlanticus n. sp. (Nematoda: Pharyngodonidae) from Gallotia atlantica atlantica Petters and Doria, 1882 (Sauria: Lacertidae) in Lanzarote. Canary Islands. Revista Iberica de Parasitologia, 47, 359–364.Google Scholar
  7. Babero, B. B., & Matthias, D. (1967). Thubunaea cnemidophorus n. sp., and other helminths from lizards, Cnemidophorus tigris, in Nevada and Arizona. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society, 86, 173–177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Baylis, H. A. (1926). On a new species of the nematode genus Thubunaea. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 9, 361–364.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Biserkov, V., & Kostadinova, A. (1998). Intestinal helminth communities in the green lizard, Lacerta viridis, from Bulgaria. Journal of Helminthology, 72, 267–271.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bursey, C. R., & Goldberg, S. R. (1991). Thubunaea intestinalis n. sp. (Nematoda: Spiruroidea) from Yarrow’s Spiny Lizard, Sceloporus. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society, 110, 269–278.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Bursey, C. R., & Goldberg, S. R. (1995). Spauligodon caymanensis sp. n. (Nematoda: Pharyngodonidae) from Anolis conspersus (Sauria: Polychridae) from Grand Cayman Island, British West Indies. Journal of the Helminthological Society of Washington, 62, 183–187.Google Scholar
  12. Bursey, C. R., & Goldberg, S. R. (1996). Spauligodon hemidactylus n. sp. (Nematoda: Pharyngodonidae) from Hemidactylus frenatus (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) from Oceania. Journal of Parasitology, 82, 299–301.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Bursey, C. R., & Goldberg, S. R. (1999). Parapharyngodon japonicus sp. n. (Nematoda: Pharyngodonidae) from the Japanese clawed salamander, Onychodactylus japonicus (Caudata: Hynobiidae), from Japan. Journal of the Helminthological Society of Washington, 66, 180–186.Google Scholar
  14. Bursey, C. R., & Goldberg, S. R. (2011). A new species of Spauligodon (Nematoda: Oxyuroidea: Pharyngodonidae) in Latastia longicaudata (Sauria: Lacertidae) from Kenya. Journal of Parasitology, 97, 460–462.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Bursey, C. R., & Goldberg, S. R. (2012). A new species of Spauligodon (Nematoda: Oxyuroidea: Pharyngodonidae) in Gonatodes antillensis (Squamata: Sphaerodactylidae) from Bonaire, Lesser Antilles. Journal of Parasitology, 98, 344–346.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Bursey, C. R., Goldberg, S. R., & Kraus, F. (2005). New species of Spauligodon (Nematoda: Pharyngodonidae) in Lepidodactylus novaeguineae (Sauria: Gekkonidae) from Papua New Guinea. Journal of Parasitology, 91, 324–328.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Bursey, C. R., Goldberg, S. R., & Telford, S. R, Jr. (2007). Gastrointestinal helminths of 14 species of lizards from Panama with descriptions of five new species. Comparative Parasitology, 74, 108–140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Bursey, C. R., & McAllister, C. T. (1996). Spauligodon goldbergi sp. n. (Nematoda: Pharyngodonidae) and other parasites of Sonora semiannulata (Serpentes: Colubridae) from New Mexico and Texas. Journal of the Helminthological Society of Washington, 63, 62–65.Google Scholar
  19. Bursey, C. R., McAllister, C. T., & Freed, P. S. (1997). Spauligodon petersi sp. n. and Spauligodon smithi sp. n. from lizards of Cape Province, South Africa. Journal of the Helminthological Society of Washington, 64, 234–239.Google Scholar
  20. Casanova, J. C., Milazzo, C., Ribas, A., & Cagnin, M. (2003). Spauligodon aloisei n. sp. (Nematoda: Pharyngodonidae) parasite of Podarcis sicula (Reptilia: Lacertidae) from Italy. Journal of Parasitology, 89, 577–579.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Chabaud, A. G., & Brygoo, E. R. (1962). Nématodes parasites de Caméleons malgaches. Deuxiéme note. Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparée, 37, 569–602.Google Scholar
  22. Chabaud, A. G., & Golvan, Y. J. (1957). Miscellanea helminthologica maroccana XXIV. Nématodes parasites de lézards de la fôret de Nefifik. Archives de l'Institut Pasteur du Maroc, 5, 447–469.Google Scholar
  23. Düşen, S., Uğurtaş, İ. H., & Aydoğdu, A. (2010). Nematode parasites of the two limbless lizards: Turkish worm lizard, Blanus strauchi (Bedriaga, 1884) (Squamata: Amphisbaenidae), and slow worm, Anguis fragilis Linnaeus 1758 (Squamata: Anguidae), from Turkey. Helminthologia, 47, 158–163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Goldberg, S. R., Bursey, C. R., Caldwell, J. P., Vitt, L. J., & Costa, G. C. (2007). Gastrointestinal helminths from six species of frogs and three species of lizards, sympatric in Pará State, Brazil. Comparative Parasitology, 74, 327–342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Goldberg, S. R., Bursey, C. R., & Telford, S. R, Jr. (2003). Metazoan endoparasites of 11 species of lizards from Pakistan. Comparative Parasitology, 70, 46–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Harwood, P. D. (1932). The helminths parasitic in the Amphibia and Reptilia of Houston, Texas, and vicinity. Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum, 81, 1–71.Google Scholar
  27. Hasegawa, H. (1985). Helminth parasites of reptiles from Okinawa, Japan. Biology Magazine Okinawa, 23, 1–11.Google Scholar
  28. Jorge, F., Carretero, M. A., Perera, A., Harris, D. J., & Roca, V. (2012). A new species of Spauligodon (Nematoda: Oxyurida: Pharyngodonidae) in geckos from São Nicolau island (Cape Verde) and its phylogenetic assessment. Journal of Parasitology, 98, 160–166.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Karve, J. N. (1938). Some nematode parasites of lizards. Livro jubilar do Professor Lauro Travassos. Editado para commemorar o 25 anniversario de suas actividades scientificas (1913-1938). Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, pp. 251–258.Google Scholar
  30. Matsuo, K., & Oku, Y. (2002). Endoparasites of three species of house geckoes in Lampung, Indonesia. Journal of Helminthology, 76, 53–57.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Monks, S., Escorcia-Ignacio, R., & Pulido-Flores, G. (2008). Una especie nueva de Spauligodon (Nematoda: Pharyngodonidae) en Sceloporus (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae) de la Reserva de la Biosfera Barranca de Metztitlán, Hidalgo, México. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad, 79, 129–133.Google Scholar
  32. Moravec, F., Barus, V., & Rysavy, B. (1987). On parasitic nematodes of the families Heterakidae and Pharyngodonidae from reptiles in Egypt. Folia Parasitologica, 34, 269–280.Google Scholar
  33. Moravec, F., Salgado-Maldonado, G., & Mayen-Peña, E. (1997). Thubunaea ctenosauri sp. n. (Nematoda: Physalopteridae) from the iguanid lizard Ctenosaura pectinata and other lizard helminths from Mexico. Journal of the Helminthological Society of Washington, 64, 240–247.Google Scholar
  34. Ortlepp, R. J. (1931). Thubunaea fitzsimonsi sp. n., a fourth species of the genus Thubunaea, Seurat, 1914. Journal of South African Veterinary Medicine Association, 2, 128–131.Google Scholar
  35. Oshmarin, P. G., & Demshin, N. I. (1972). [The helminths of domestic and some wild animals in Vietnam.] Trudy Biologo-Pochyennogo Instituta; Dal’nevostochnyi Nauchnyi Tsentr AN SSSR (Issledovaniya po faune, sistematike i biokhimii gel’mintov Dal’nego Vostoka), 11, 5–115 (In Russian).Google Scholar
  36. Ramallo, G., Bursey, C. R., & Goldberg, S. R. (2002). Spauligodon loboi n. sp. (Nematoda: Pharyngodonidae) parasite of Liolaemus spp. (Iguania: Liolaemidae) from northwestern Argentina. Journal of Parasitology, 88, 370–374.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Rastegar-Pouyani, N., Kami, H. G., Rajabizadeh, M., Shafiei, S., & Anderson, S. C. (2008). Annotated checklist of amphibians and reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics, 4, 43–66.Google Scholar
  38. Seurat, L. G. (1914). Sur un nouveau Nematode parasite des Reptiles. Compte Rendu de la Société de Biologie (Paris), 76, 724–727.Google Scholar
  39. Seurat, L. G. (1917). Sur les oxyures des sauriens du Nord-Africain. Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale, 56, 401–444.Google Scholar
  40. Sharpilo, C. P. (1976). Parasitic worms of the reptilian fauna of the USSR: Systematics, chorology, biology. Moscow: Naukova Dumka, 287 pp (In Russian).Google Scholar
  41. Yildirimhan, H. S., Goldberg, S. R., & Bursey, C. R. (2006). Helminth parasites of the Caucasian agama, Laudakia caucasia, and the roughtail rock agama, Laudakia stellio (Squamata: Agamidae), from Turkey. Comparative Parasitology, 73, 257–262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Animal Biology, Faculty of Biology, School of Biology and Centre of Excellence in Phylogeny of Living Organisms, College of SciencesUniversity of TehranTehranIran

Personalised recommendations