Systematic Parasitology

, Volume 84, Issue 1, pp 17–55 | Cite as

Redescriptions and new records of species of Otobothrium Linton, 1890 (Cestoda: Trypanorhyncha)

  • Bjoern C. SchaeffnerEmail author
  • Ian Beveridge


Redescriptions are provided for five incompletely described species of Otobothrium Linton, 1890: Otobothrium alexanderi Palm, 2004 from two species of carcharhinid sharks, Carcharhinus cautus (Whitley) and C. melanopterus (Quoy & Gaimard) at three localities off northern Australia; O. australe Palm, 2004 based on material collected from the type-host and type-locality and from six additional myliobatid and carcharhinid host species off Western Australia, the Northern Territory and northern Queensland; O. insigne Linton, 1905 from Rhizoprionodon terraenovae (Richardson) and Sphyrna tudes (Valenciennes) in the Atlantic Ocean off Senegal and the Democratic Republic of the Congo; O. mugilis Hiscock, 1954, previously known only from larval stages, based on adults from five sphyrnid and carcharhinid definitive host species off northern Australia and Malaysian Borneo; and O. penetrans Linton, 1907 from material collected from two species of hammerhead sharks (Sphyrnidae) in the Red Sea off Jordan and the Indian Ocean off Western Australia. Additional host and locality records are added for the type-species, O. crenacolle Linton, 1890 and for O. carcharidis (Shipley & Hornell, 1906). Two descriptions are provided for Otobothrium spp. treated here as Otobothrium sp. 1 from C. melanopterus off northern Australia and Otobothrium sp. 2 from Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus) in the Gulf of California, Mexico.


Mature Segment United States National Parasite Collection External Seminal Vesicle Metabasal Spiral Intestine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors are deeply indebted to several research colleagues for the collection of material used in this publication and for making it available for the present study, and in particular to Janine Caira and Kirsten Jensen (extensive collections at the Gulf of California, Gulf of Carpenteria and off Borneo), Malcolm Jones (material from off Brisbane and Heron Island, Australia), Bruce Robertson (material from off the Northern Territory, Western Australia and Queensland, Australia), Richard Martin (material from off South Australia), Michael Hildreth (material from the Gulf of Mexico), E. Darteville (material from off Senegal and Congo) and Asaf Lipschitz (material from off Jordan). We are also very grateful to Ronald Campbell for examining and drawing material of O. penetrans in the USNPC and Joan Clark (Monash Micro Imaging) for taking SEM micrographs. This study was supported by the Australian Society for Parasitology (Network Researcher Exchange, Training and Travel Award awarded to BCS). Collecting in the Indonesian and Malaysian parts of Borneo was funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) (BS&I award Nos DEB 0103640, DEB 0542846 and DEB 0542941; PBI award Nos 0818696 and 0818823), in Mexico by the NSF (BS&I award No DEB 9300796), and in Australia in part by the NSF (PEET award Nos DEB 0118882 and DEB 9521943) and the Australian Biological Resources Study.


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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Veterinary ScienceThe University of MelbourneWerribeeAustralia

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