Systematic Parasitology

, Volume 83, Issue 2, pp 85–93 | Cite as

Redescription of Chabaudacuaria multispinosa (Pérez Vigueras, 1938) n. g., n. comb. (Nematoda: Spirurida: Acuariidae) based on specimens from Ardea herodias L. and Nyctanassa violacea (L.) (Ardeidae) in Florida

  • Yasen MutafchievEmail author
  • John M. Kinsella


Chabaudacuaria n. g. is erected, as monotypic, for C. multispinosa (Pérez Vigueras, 1938) n. comb. (Spirurida: Acuariidae) [syns Cheilospirura multispinosa Pérez Vigueras, 1938; Acuaria multispinosa (Pérez Vigueras, 1938) Yamaguti, 1961]. This species, a parasite of various ardeid birds, is redescribed by means of light and scanning electron microscopy based on material from great blue herons Ardea herodias L. and yellow-crowned night herons Nyctanassa violacea (L.) in Florida, USA. Chabaudacuaria n. g. resembles Acuaria Bremser, 1811, Cheilospirura Diesing, 1861, Skrjabinocerca Schikhobalova, 1930 and Xenocordon Mawson, 1982 in its straight cordons which do not anastomose. However, it can be distinguished from them by the didelphic-prodelphic uterus and the absence of caudal alae in the males. In the pattern of its cordons (consisting of a row of plates and a longitudinal ridge) and the absence of an area rugosa, the new genus is similar to Chevreuxia Seurat, 1918, Syncuaria Gil’bert, 1927, Aviculariella Wehr, 1931, Skrjabinocara Kurashvili, 1940, Decorataria Sobolev, 1949 and Desportesius Chabaud & Campana, 1949, which are characterised by anastomosing cordons. The didelphic-prodelphic female reproductive system of Chabaudacuaria is intermediate between the didelphic-amphidelphic uterus of Chevreuxia and the monodelphic-prodelphic uterus of Syncuaria, Aviculariella, Skrjabinocara, Desportesius and Decorataria. Therefore, the straight and non-anastomosing cordons are considered to be autapomorphic for Chabaudacuaria.


Buccal Cavity Excretory Pore Anterior Extremity Scanning Electron Microscopy Stub Cuticular Ridge 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We are grateful to Dr Boyko B. Georgiev for reading the manuscript. The studies included in the present article were funded by the National Science Fund of the Republic of Bulgaria, Grant DO/02-271/18.12.2008. The facilities provided by the EC-funded project WETLANET (FP7, Capacities, Grant 229802) and the project CEBDER (Grant DO-02-15) funded by the National Science Fund of the Republic of Bulgaria were used. We also thank Drs Donald Forrester and Marilyn Spalding of the University of Florida, the original collectors of the material described here.


  1. Baruš, V., & Majumdar, G. (1975). Scanning electron microscopic studies on the cordon structures of seven acuariid genera (Nematoda: Acuariidae). Folia Parasitologica, 22, 125–131.Google Scholar
  2. Chabaud, A. G. (1975). Keys to the genera of the order Spirurida. Part 2. Spiruroidea, Habronematoidea and Acuarioidea. In: Anderson, R. C., Chabaud, A. G., & Willmott, S. (Eds) CIH keys to the nematode parasites of vertebrates, No. 3. Farnham Royal: Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, pp. 29–58.Google Scholar
  3. Chabaud, A. G., & Petter, A. J. (1959). Essai de classification des nématodes Acuariidae. Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparée, 33, 331–349.Google Scholar
  4. Diaz, J. I., Cremonte, F., Navone, G. T., & Laurenti, S. (2005). Adults and larvae of Skrjabinocerca canutus n. sp. (Nematoda: Acuariidae) from Calidris canutus rufa (Aves: Scolopacidae) on the southern Southwest Atlantic coast of South America. Systematic Parasitology, 60, 113–123.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Forrester, D. J., & Spalding, M. G. (2003). Parasites and diseases of wild birds in Florida. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 1132 pp.Google Scholar
  6. Gibbons, L. M. (2010). Keys to the nematode parasites of vertebrates. Supplementary volume. Wallingford: CAB International, 416 pp.Google Scholar
  7. Johnston, T. H., & Mawson, P. M. (1941). Additional nematodes from Australian birds. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 65, 254–262.Google Scholar
  8. Mawson, P. M. (1972). The genus Acuaria Bremser (Nematoda: Spirurida) in Australia. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 96, 139–147.Google Scholar
  9. Mawson, P. M. (1982). Some Acuariinae (Nematoda) from Australian birds. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 106, 19–30.Google Scholar
  10. Mutafchiev, Y., & Georgiev, B. B. (2009). Redescription of Desportesius brevicaudatus (Spirurida, Acuariidae) based on nematodes from Ixobrychus minutus (Aves, Ciconiiformes) from Bulgaria. Helminthologia, 46, 90–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Mutafchiev, Y., & Georgiev, B. B. (2010). The erection of Pelecanema n. g. (Nematoda: Spirurida: Acuariidae), with redescriptions of Pelecanema sirry (Khalil, 1931) n. comb. and P. pelecani (Johnston & Mawson, 1942) n. comb. Systematic Parasitology, 77, 45–54.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Mutafchiev, Y., & Georgiev, B. B. (2011). Redescription, generic allocation and synonymy of Decorataria magnilabiata (Molin, 1860) n. comb. (Nematoda: Spirurida: Acuariidae), a parasite of the roseate spoonbill Platalea ajaja L. (Aves: Threskiornithidae) in South America. Systematic Parasitology, 80, 17–22.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Mutafchiev, Y., Mariaux, J., & Georgiev, B. B. (2012). Acuaria paraguayensis n. sp. from Sirystes sibilator (Aves: Tyrannidae) in Paraguay and a redescription of A. mamillaris (Molin, 1860) from Cyanocorax cayanus (Corvidae) in Brazil, with a key to the species of Acuaria Bremser, 1811 (Nematoda: Acuariidae) in the New World. Systematic Parasitology, 81, 51–64.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Mutafchiev, Y., Santoro, M., & Georgiev, B. B. (2010). Parachordatortilis n. g. (Nematoda: Spirurida: Acuariidae), with a redescription of P. mathevossianae (Petrov & Chertkova, 1950) n. comb., a parasite of Falco tinnunculus L. (Aves: Falconiformes). Systematic Parasitology, 76, 191–197.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Mutafchiev, Y., Zehtindjiev, P., & Georgiev, B. B. (2009). First record of the nematode Aviculariella alcedonis (Yamaguti & Mitunaga, 1943) (Spirurida, Acuariidae) in Europe, with SEM observations and comments on its taxonomic position. Acta Parasitologica, 54, 374–379.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Pérez Vigueras, I. (1938). Nota sobre algunos nematodes parásitos nuevos de Cuba. Livro Jubilar Prof. Lauro Travassos, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil, III, 501–508.Google Scholar
  17. Ryjikov, K. M. (1962). Chevreuxia cincli – new nematode from the dipper (Cinclus pallasii). Trudy Gel’mintologicheskoy Laboratorii Akademii Nauk, 12, 98–101. (In Russian).Google Scholar
  18. Schmidt, G. D. (1968). Chevreuxia americana sp. nov. (Nematoda: Acuariidae) from the avocet, Recurvirostra americana, in Colorado. Parasitology, 58, 831–834.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Sergeeva, T. P. (1978). The formation of host specificity in the helminths of Laridae as exemplified by the nematode families Acuariidae and Streptocaridae. Trudy Gel’mintologicheskoy Laboratorii Akademii Nauk SSSR, 28, 38–46.Google Scholar
  20. Seurat, L. G. (1918). Sur le Dispharage de l’Echasse. Bulletin de la Société d’Histoire Naturelle de l’Afrique du Nord, 9, 106–109.Google Scholar
  21. Shikhobalova, N. (1930). On a new genus of the Nematoda fam. Acuariidae Seurat, 1913. Journal of Parasitology, 16, 220–223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Singh, S. N., & Ali, S. M. (1961). On a new species of the genus Chevreuxia Seurat, 1918 from India. Journal of Helminthology, 35, 157–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Skryabin, K. I., Sobolev, A. A., & Ivashkin, V. M. (1965). [Spirurata of animals and man and the diseases caused by them. Part 3. Acuarioidea]. In: Skryabin, K. I. (Ed.) Osnovy Nematologii, Vol. 14. Moscow: Nauka, 572 pp. (In Russian).Google Scholar
  24. Smogorzhevskaya, L. A. (1990). [Nematodes. Part 3. Acuarioidea]. In: Sharpilo, V. P. (Ed.) Fauna Ukrainy. Vol. 32. Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 189 pp. (In Russian).Google Scholar
  25. Williams, O. L. (1929). A critical analysis of the specific characters of the genus Acuaria nematodes of birds, with description of new American species. University of California Publications in Zoology, 33, 69–107.Google Scholar
  26. Wong, P. L., & Anderson, R. C. (1986). Revision of the genus Desportesius Chabaud and Campana, 1949 (Nematoda: Acuarioidea) mainly from the gizzard of ciconiform birds. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 64, 2520–2530.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Wong, P. L., & Anderson, R. C. (1987). Development of Syncuaria squamata (Linstow, 1883) (Nematoda: Acuarioidea) in ostracods (Ostracoda) and double-crested cormorants (Phalacrocorax auritus auritus). Canadian Journal of Zoology, 65, 2524–2531.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Wong, P. L., & Anderson, R. C. (1993). New and described species of nematodes from shorebirds (Charadriiformes) collected in spring in Iceland. Systematic Parasitology, 25, 187–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Wong, P. L., Anderson, R. C., & Bartlett, C. M. (1986). Revision of the genus Syncuaria Gilbert, 1927 (Nematoda: Acuarioidea). Canadian Journal of Zoology, 64, 1186–1196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem ResearchBulgarian Academy of SciencesSofiaBulgaria
  2. 2.HelmWest LaboratoryMissoulaUSA

Personalised recommendations