Systematic Parasitology

, Volume 79, Issue 3, pp 213–225 | Cite as

Species of Haliotrema Johnston & Tiegs, 1922 (Monogenea: Dactylogyridae) from Zanclus cornutus (L.) (Teleostei: Zanclidae) and Acanthurus nigrofuscus (Forsskål) (Teleostei: Acanthuridae) in the South China Sea

  • Yuan Sun
  • David I. Gibson
  • Tingbao YangEmail author


Four species of Haliotrema Johnston & Tiegs, 1922, including three new taxa, are described from the gills of two species of coral reef fishes, Zanclus cornutus (Linnaeus) and Acanthurus nigrofuscus (Forsskål), off the Dongsha Islands in the South China Sea. Haliotrema dongshaense n. sp., from Z. cornutus, is differentiated from other existing congeneric species by its peculiar male copulatory organ, comprising a harp-shaped copulatory tube and a cup-shaped base, and two groups of short longitudinal muscles lying on either side of the vaginal vestibule. Haliotrema zigmoidocirrus n. sp. from Z. cornutus and H. nigrofusci n. sp. from A. nigrofuscus are differentiated from other congeneric species by their male copulatory organ, which has a cup-shaped base, bell-shaped middle and Z-shaped distal part, and the latter can be readily differentiated from the former by its distinctively wider haptor and longer connecting bars. Haliotrema sicklocirrus Wang, 2007, from Z. cornutus, is redescribed with additional details, including the sinistral position of the accessory piece of the male copulatory organ, the absence of eyespots and the morphology of the connecting bars.


Male Copulatory Organ Intestinal Caecum Accessory Piece Cephalic Region Intestinal Bifurcation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This research was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31072215) and the President’s Fund of South China Agricultural University (2009K003). We would like to thank Wang Wenbin of Huanan University of Arts and Science, China, for providing specimens.


  1. Bychowsky, B. E., & Nagibina, L. F. (1970). On the new and little known species of the genus Haliotrema Johnston et Tiegs, 1922 (Monogenoidea). 1. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 49, 1789–1801. (In Russian).Google Scholar
  2. Bychowsky, B. E., & Nagibina, L. F. (1971). New and little known species of the genus Haliotrema Johnston et Tiegs, 1922 (Monogenoidea). 2. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 50, 25–40. (In Russian).Google Scholar
  3. Dyer, W. G., Williams, E. H., Jr., & Williams, L. B. (1989). Monogeneans from marine fishes of Okinawa, Japan. Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington, 56, 64–68.Google Scholar
  4. Euzet, L., & Suriano, D. M. (1977). Ligophorus n. g. (Monogenea, Ancyrocephalidae) parasite des Mugilidae (Téléostéens) en Méditerranée. Bulletin du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (Zoologie), 329, 799–822.Google Scholar
  5. Froese, R., & Pauly, D. (2010). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication.
  6. Holcroft, N. I., & Wiley, E. O. (2008). Acanthuroid relationships revisited: a new nuclear gene-based analysis that incorporated tetraodontiform representatives. Ichthyological Research, 55, 274–283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Justine, J.-L. (2007a). Parasite biodiversity in a coral reef fish: twelve species of monogeneans on the gills of the grouper Epinephelus maculatus (Perciformes: Serranidae) off New Caledonia, with a description of eight new species of Pseudorhabdosynochus (Monogenea: Diplectanidae). Systematic Parasitology, 66, 81–129.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Justine, J.-L. (2007b). Pseudorhabdosynochus argus n. sp. (Monogenea: Diplectanidae) from Cephalopholis argus, P. minutus n. sp. and Diplectanum nanus n. sp. from C. sonnerati and other monogeneans from Cephalopholis spp. (Perciformes: Serranidae) off Australia and New Caledonia. Systematic Parasitology, 68, 195–215.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kearn, G. C. (1971). The attachment of the ancyrocephalid monogenean Haliotrema balisticus to the gills of the trigger fish, Balistes capriscus (= carolinensis). Parasitology, 63, 157–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kritsky, D. C., & Boeger, W. A. (1989). The phylogenetic status of the Ancyrocephalidae Bychowsky, 1937 (Monogenea: Dactylogyroidea). Journal of Parasitology, 75, 207–211.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kritsky, D. C., & Boeger, W. A. (2002). Neotropical Monogenoidea. 41: New and previously described species of Dactylogyridae (Platyhelminthes) from the gills of marine and freshwater perciform fishes (Teleostei) with proposal of a new genus and a hypothesis on phylogeny. Zoosystema, 24, 7–40.Google Scholar
  12. Kritsky, D. C., Galli, P., & Yang, T. B. (2007). Dactylogyrids (Monogenoidea) parasitizing the gills of spinefoots (Teleostei, Siganidae): revision of Tetrancistrum Goto and Kikuchi, 1917, with descriptions of two new species from Siganus spp. of the Red Sea and Celebes. Journal of Natural History, 41, 1513–1551.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kritsky, D. C., & Stephens, F. (2001). Haliotrema abaddon n. sp. (Monogenoidea: Dactylogyridae) from the gills of wild and maricultured West Australian dhufish Glaucosoma hebraicum (Teleostei: Glaucosomatidae), in Australia. Journal of Parasitology, 87, 749–754.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kritsky, D. C., Yang, T. B., & Sun, Y. (2009). Dactylogyrids (Monogenoidea, Polyonchoinea) parasitizing the gills of snappers (Perciformes, Lutjanidae): Proposal of Haliotrematoides n. gen. and descriptions of new and previously described species from marine fishes of the Red Sea, the eastern and Indo-west Pacific Ocean, Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Zootaxa, 1970, 1–51.Google Scholar
  15. Lim, L. H. S., & Justine, J.-L. (2007). Haliotrema banana sp. n. (Monogenea: Ancyrocephalidae) from Bodianus perdition (Perciformes: Labridae) off New Caledonia. Folia Parasitologica, 54, 203–207.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Lim, L. H. S., Timofeeva, T. A., & Gibson, D. I. (2001). Dactylogyridean monogeneans of the siluriform fishes of the Old World. Systematic Parasitology, 50, 159–197.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Mizelle, J. D. (1936). New species of trematodes from the gills of Illinois fishes. American Midland Naturalist, 17, 785–806.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Mizelle, J. D., & Price, C. E. (1963). Additional haptoral hooks in the genus Dactylogyrus. Journal of Parasitology, 19, 1028–1029.Google Scholar
  19. Mizelle, J. D., & Price, C. E. (1964). Studies on monogenetic trematodes. XXV. Six new species of Ancyrocephalinae from the gills of Zanclus canescens (Linnaeus) with a key to the genera of Ancyrocephalinae. Journal of Parasitology, 50, 81–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Plaisance, L., & Kritsky, D. C. (2004). Dactylogyrids (Platyhelminthes: Monogenoidea) parasitizing butterfly fishes (Teleostei: Chaetodontidae) from the coral reefs of Palau, Moorea, Wallis, New Caledonia and Australia: Species of Euryhaliotrematoides n. gen. and Aliatrema n. gen. Journal of Parasitology, 90, 328–341.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Řehulková, E., Justine, J.-L., & Gelnar, M. (2010). Five new monogenean species from the gills of Mulloidichthys vanicolensis (Perciformes: Mullidae) off New Caledonia, with the proposal of Volsellituba n. g. and Pennulituba n. g. (Monogenea: Dactylogyridae). Systematic Parasitology, 75, 125–145.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Sun, Y., Kritsky, D. C., & Yang, T. B. (2007). Two new species of Haliotrema (Monogenoidea: Dactylogyridae) from Acanthurus nigrofuscus and Acanthurus olivaceus (Teleostei: Acanthuidae) in the South China Sea. Journal of Parasitology, 93, 781–786.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Wang, W. B. (2007). A new species and two new records of Haliotrema (Monogenea, Ancyrocephalidae) from marine fishes in Hainan Island, China. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica, 32, 17–20. (In Chinese).Google Scholar
  24. Yamaguti, S. (1934). Studies on the helminth fauna of Japan. Part 2. Trematodes of fishes, I. Japanese Journal of Zoology, 5, 249–541.Google Scholar
  25. Yamaguti, S. (1942). Studies on the helminth fauna of Japan. Part 37. Trematodes of fishes. VIII. Proceeding from Japanese Journal of Medical Sciences. VI. Bacteriology and Parasitology, 2, 105–130.Google Scholar
  26. Yamaguti, S. (1953). Parasitic worms mainly from Celebes. Part 2. Monogenetic trematodes of fishes. Acta Medicinae Okayama, 8, 203–256.Google Scholar
  27. Yamaguti, S. (1968). Monogenetic trematodes of Hawaiian fishes. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 287 pp.Google Scholar
  28. Yang, T. B., Kritsky, D. C., & Sun, Y. (2004). Revision of Allobenedenia Yamaguti, 1963 (Monogenoidea: Capsalidae) with the description of A. zhangi n. sp. from Epinephelus fasciatus (Teleostei: Serranidae) in the South China Sea. Systematic Parasitology, 59, 223–233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Young, P. C. (1968). Ten new species of Haliotrema (Monogenoidea: Dactylogyridae) from Australian fish and a revision of the genus. Journal of Zoology, 154, 41–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Zhang, J. Y., Yang, T. B., & Liu, L. (2001). Monogeneans of Chinese marine fishes. Beijing: Agriculture Press, 400 pp. (In Chinese).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Center for Parasitic Organisms and State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol, School of Life SciencesSun Yat-sen UniversityGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.College of Animal ScienceSouth China Agricultural UniversityGuangzhouChina
  3. 3.Department of ZoologyNatural History MuseumLondonUK

Personalised recommendations