Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Leucocytozoon atkinsoni n. sp. (Apicomplexa: Leucocytozoidae) from the avian family Timaliidae

Abstract

Investigators of haematozoa of the Timaliidae have reported the presence of two species of Leucocytozoon Berestneff, 1904, i.e. L. liothricis Laveran & Marullaz, 1914 and L. timaliae Bennett, Earlé & Pierce, 1993. Blood films collected from 42 wild-caught babblers in Madagascar were stained and examined for the presence of haematozoa using a compound microscope. To date, no species of avian haematozoa have been reported from babblers in Madagascar, although haematozoa have been observed. In the present study, we report a new species of Leucocytozoon, L. atkinsoni n. sp., whose morphometrics fall between those reported for the two previously described species from timaliids. The parasite is capped by the host cell nucleus covering 38% of its perimeter. L. atkinsoni n. sp. was found to have a marked, intensely staining, nucleolus as well as vacuoles in the parasite cytoplasm, in contrast to both L. liothricis and L. timaliae. Remnants of the host cell cytoplasm are commonly observed in cells infected with L. atkinsoni, a characteristic not reported in association with either of the previously described species from these hosts.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Bennett G.F., Blancou J. (1974) A note on the blood parasites of some birds from Madagascar. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 10: 239–240

  2. Bennett G.F., Campbell A.G. (1972) Avian Haemoproteidae. I. Description of Haemoproteus fallisi n. sp. and a review of the haemoproteids of the family Turdidae. Canadian Journal of Zoology 50: 1269–1275

  3. Bennett G.F., Earlé R.A., Peirce M.A. (1993) The Leucocytozoidae of South African birds. The Muscicapidae sensu latu. South African Journal of Zoology 28: 81–87

  4. Bennett G.F., Earlé R.A., Peirce M.A., Huchzermeyer F.W. & Squires-Parsons D. (1991) Avian Leucocytozoidae: the leucocytozoids of the Phasianidae sensu lato. Journal of Natural History 25: 1407–1428

  5. Clements J.F. (2000) Birds of the world: A checklist. (5th Edition) Ibis Publishing, Temecula 867 pp.

  6. Fallis A.M., Desser S.H., Khan R.A. (1974) On species of Leucocytozoon. Advances in Parasitology 12: 1–67

  7. Fallis A.M., Pearson J.C., Bennett G.F. (1954) On the specificity of Leucocytozoon. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 32: 120–124

  8. Greiner E.C., Putnam M.S., Goodman S.M. (1996) Blood parasites from birds in the Réserve Naturelle Intégrale d’ Andringitra, Madagascar. Fieldiana: Zoology 85: 142–143

  9. Raharimanga V., Soula F., Raherilalao M.J., Goodman S.M, Sadonès H., Tall A., Randrianarivelojosia M., Raharimalala L., Duchemin J.-B., Ariey F., Robert V. (2002) Hèmoparasites des oiseaux sauvages à Madagascar. Archives de Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, 68: 90–99

  10. Rasband W. (2002) ImageJ [PC program], 1.31v. National Institutes of Health, USA

  11. Savage A.F. (2004) Hematozoa of the avian family Philepittidae (the Asities or False-sunbirds). Journal of Parasitology 90: 1473–1474

  12. Savage A.F., Ariey F., Greiner E.C. (2004) Hematozoa of the avian family Vangidae (the Vangas). Journal of Parasitology 90: 1475–1479

  13. Savage A.F., Ariey F., Greiner E.C. (2005) A new species of Plasmodium from Malagasy vangas. Journal of Parasitology 91: 926–930

  14. Savage A.F., Greiner E.C. (2004) Hematozoa of the avian family Brachypteraciidae (the Ground-rollers). Journal of Parasitology 90: 1468–1472

  15. Savage A.F., Greiner E.C. (2005) Haemoproteids of the avian family Dicruridae (the Drongos). Journal of Parasitology 91: 131–134

Download references

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to gratefully acknowledge Dr␣Steven M. Goodman of the Field Museum of Natural History, as well as Dr David E. Willard for the collection of samples in the field. Additionally, Dr Vincent Robert and the Institut de Pasteur de Madagascar are gratefully acknowledged for their continued assistance and partnership. Finally, the authors thank Dr Carter Atkinson for providing workspace.

Author information

Correspondence to Amy F. Savage.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Savage, A.F., Ariey, F. & Greiner, E.C. Leucocytozoon atkinsoni n. sp. (Apicomplexa: Leucocytozoidae) from the avian family Timaliidae. Syst Parasitol 64, 105–109 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11230-005-9023-5

Download citation

Keywords

  • Giemsa Stain
  • Avian Malaria
  • Host Family
  • Olympus DP70 Digital Camera
  • Host Cell Cytoplasm