Advertisement

Synthese

pp 1–21 | Cite as

Epistemic norms, all things considered

  • Kate NolfiEmail author
Value Of Truth
  • 66 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. The Value of Truth

Abstract

An action-oriented epistemology takes the idea that our capacity for belief subserves our capacity for action as the starting point for epistemological theorizing. This paper argues that an action-oriented epistemology is especially well-positioned to explain why it is that, at least for believers like us, whether or not conforming with the epistemic norms that govern belief-regulation would lead us to believe that p always bears on whether we have normative reasons to believe that p. If the arguments of this paper are successful, then an action-oriented approach has a kind of explanatory power that has proved elusive, and so merits serious and sustained philosophical attention that it has yet to receive.

Keywords

Epistemic normativity Epistemic norms Ethics of belief Reasons for belief 

Notes

Acknowledgements

I am especially grateful to Matthew Kotzen, William Lycan, Lisa Miracchi, Ram Neta, David Plunkett, Blake Roeber, Geoffrey Sayre-McCord, Ernest Sosa, Daniel Singer, Kurt Sylvan, and Vida Yao, to my colleagues at the University of Vermont, and especially Terence Cuneo, Tyler Doggett, and Randall Harp, and, finally, to audiences at Dartmouth College, the University of Pennsylvania, Williams College, the CUNY Graduate Center, and the 2014 Annual Meeting of the Southern Society for Philosophy and Psychology for providing invaluable feedback on the material herein. I am also grateful to the Mellon/ACLS Dissertation Completion Fellowship Program for supporting my early work on this piece.

References

  1. Adler, J. (2006). Belief’s own ethics. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  2. Bird, A. (2007). Justified Judging. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research,74(1), 81–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Burge, T. (2003). Perceptual entitlement. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research,67(3), 503–548.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Côté-Bouchard, C. (2016). Can the aim of belief ground epistemic normativity? Philosophical Studies,173, 1–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Enoch, D. (2006). Agency, shmagency: Why normativity won’t come from what is constitutive of action. Philosophical Review,115(2), 169–198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Feldman, R. (2000). The ethics of belief. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research,60(3), 667–695.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Fernández Vargas, M. Á. (Ed.). (2016). Performance epistemology: Foundations and applications. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Gibbons, J. (2013). The norm of belief. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Greco, J. (2010). Achieving knowledge. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Grimm, S. (2009). Epistemic normativity. In A. Haddock, A. Millar, & D. Pritchard (Eds.), Epistemic value (pp. 243–264). Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hazlett, A. (2013). A luxury of the understanding: On the value of true belief. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kolodny, N. (2005). Why be rational? Mind,114(455), 509–563.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kornblith, H. (1993). Epistemic normativity. Synthese,94(3), 357–376.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kornblith, H. (2002). Knowledge and its place in nature. New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Korsgaard, C. (1996). The sources of normativity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Korsgaard, C. (2008). The constitution of agency: Essays on practical reason and moral psychology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lockard, M. (2013). Epistemic instrumentalism. Synthese,190(9), 1701–1718.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lycan, W. (1988). Judgment and justification. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  19. McHugh, C., & Whiting, D. (2014). The normativity of belief. Analysis,74(4), 698–713.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Millikan, R. (1993). White queen psychology and other essays for alice. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  21. Nolfi, K. (2015). How to be a normativist about the nature of belief. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly,96(2), 181–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Railton, P. (1997). On the hypothetical and non-hypothetical in reasoning about Belief and action. In Garrett Cullity & Berys Gaut (Eds.), Ethics and practical reason. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  23. Schroeder, M. (2007). Slaves of the passions. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Shah, N. (2003). How truth governs belief. Philosophical Review,112(4), 447–482.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Shah, N. (2006). A new argument for evidentialism. Philosophical Quarterly,56(225), 481–498.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Shah, N., & Velleman, J. D. (2005). Doxastic deliberation. Philosophical Review,114(4), 497–534.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Sosa, E. (2007). A virtue epistemology: Apt belief and reflective knowledge (Vol. I). Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Southwood, N. (2008). Vindicating the normativity of rationality. Ethics,119, 9–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Velleman, J. D. (2000). The possibility of practical reason. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  30. Wedgwood, R. (2002). The aim of belief. Philosophical Perspectives,16(s16), 267–297.Google Scholar
  31. Wedgwood, R. (2013). The right thing to believe. In Timothy Chan (Ed.), The aim of belief. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  32. Whiting, D. (2010). Should i believe the truth? Dialectica,64, 213–224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Zagzebski, L. (2003). The search for the source of epistemic good. Metaphilosophy,34, 12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Zangwill, N. (2005). The normativity of the mental. Philosophical Explorations,8, 1–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyUniversity of VermontBurlingtonUSA

Personalised recommendations