, Volume 188, Issue 2, pp 309–321 | Cite as

On Reflective Knowledge: replies to Battaly and Reed



This article is a reply to Baron Reed and Heather Battaly, two critics in a book symposium on my Reflective Knowledge. The reply to Reed concerns the main content and structure of Descartes’s epistemology. The reply to Battaly concerns how best to deal with epistemic circularity.


Descartes Epistemic circularity Reflective knowledge The Cartesian Circle 


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  1. Descartes, R. (1984). The philosophical writings of Descartes (Vol. II) (J. Cottingham, R. Stoothoff, & D. Murdoch, Trans.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Sosa E. (2009) Reflective knowledge. Oxford University Press, OxfordCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Sosa, E. (2011a). Descartes and virtue epistemology. In K. Clark & M. Rea (Eds.), Science, religion, and metaphysics. Oxford: Oxford University Press (forthcoming).Google Scholar
  4. Sosa, E. (2011b). Descartes’s epistemology. In D. Dodd, C. Wright, & E. Zardini (Eds.), Contemporary perspectives on perceptual justification and skepticism. Oxford: Oxford University Press (forthcoming).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyRutgers UniversityNew BrunswickUSA

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