Synthese

, Volume 187, Issue 2, pp 693–713 | Cite as

Theory structuralism in a rigid framework

Article

Abstract

This paper develops the first parts of a logical framework for the empirical sciences, by means of a redefinition of theory structuralism as originally developed by Joseph Sneed, Wolfgang Stegmüller, and others, in the context of a ‘rigid’ logic as based on a fixed (therefore rigid) ontology. The paper defends a formal conception of the empirical sciences that has an irreducible ontological basis and is unable, in general, to provide purely structural characterizations of the domain of a theory. The extreme rationalist utopia of a characterization of the real world ‘up to isomorphism’, therefore, is rejected.

Keywords

Formal frameworks for the empirical sciences Theory structuralism Semi-interpreted languages Rigid logic Joseph Sneed Wolfgang Stegmüller 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Balzer, W., Moulines, C. U. (eds) (1996) Structuralist theory of science. Focal issues, new results. Walter de Gruyter, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  2. Balzer W., Moulines C. U., Sneed J. D. (1987) An architectonic for science. The structuralist program. D. Reidel Publishing Company, DordrechtCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Balzer, W., Moulines, C. U., Sneed, J. D. (eds) (2000) Structuralist knowledge representation. Paradigmatic examples. Rodopi, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  4. Beth E. W. (1960) Semantics of physical theories. Synthese 12: 172–175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bourbaki N. (1968) Theory of sets. Springer-Verlag, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  6. Carnap, R. (1998 [1928]). Der logische Aufbau der Welt. Hamburg: Felix Meiner Verlag.Google Scholar
  7. Damböck, C. (submitted). Progress without truth: A reflection of formal epistemology. (submitted).Google Scholar
  8. Damböck, C. (2005). Semantische Strategien. Philosophische Logik vor dem Hintergrund von Endlichkeit und Starrheit. PhD-thesis. University of Vienna.Google Scholar
  9. Damböck C. (2009) Philosophical logic in a framework of propositional logic. Logique et Analyse 205: 21–37Google Scholar
  10. Damböck, C. (2011). Rigid logic as a framework for the empirical sciences. (submitted).Google Scholar
  11. Goldfarb W. (1979) Logic in the twentieth: The nature of the quantifier. Journal of Symbolic Logic 44: 351–368CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hoering W. (1984) Anomalies of reduction. Wolfgang Balzer et al: Reduction in science. Structure, examples, philosophical problems. D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, pp 33–50Google Scholar
  13. Kripke S. A. (1963) Semantical considerations on modal logic. Acta Philosophica Fennica 26: 83–94Google Scholar
  14. Kripke S. A. (1980) Naming and necessity. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  15. Leitgeb H. (2011) New life for Carnap’s Aufbau?. Synthese 180: 265–299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Moulines, C. U. (2002). Structuralism (=Synthese 130, 1–172). Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  17. Niebergall K.-G. (2000) Structuralism, model theory and reduction. Synthese 130: 135–162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Rantala V. (1980) On the logical basis of the structuralist philosophy of science. Erkenntnis 15: 269–286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Sneed, J. D. (1979). Theoretization and invariance principles. In I. Niiniluoto & R. Tuomela (Eds.), The logic and epistemology of scientific change. Acta Philosophica Fennica, 30, 130–178.Google Scholar
  20. Sneed, J. D. (1979 [1971]). The logical structure of mathematical physics (2nd ed.). Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  21. Stegmüller W. (1979) The structuralist view of theories. A possible analogue of the Bourbaki programme in physical science. Springer-Verlag, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  22. Stegmüller, W. (1985 [1973]). Theorienstrukturen und Theoriendynamik. Probleme und Resultate der Wissenschaftstheorie und Analytischen Philosophie, Band II: Theorie und Erfahrung. Zweiter Teilband (2nd ed.). Berlin: Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
  23. Stegmüller W. (1986) Die Entwicklung des neuen Strukturalismus seit 1973. Probleme und Resultate der Wissenschaftstheorie und Analytischen Philosophie Band II: Theorie und Erfahrung. Dritter Teilband. Springer-Verlag, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  24. Suppes P. (1957) Introduction to logic. Dover Publications, New York, NYGoogle Scholar
  25. van Fraassen B. C. (1967) Meaning relations and predicates. Noûs 1: 161–179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. van Fraassen B. C. (1969) Meaning relations and modalities. Noûs 3: 155–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. van Fraassen B. C. (1970) On the extension of Beth’s semantics of physical theories. Philosophy of Science 37: 325–339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. van Fraassen B. C. (1980) The scientific image. Oxford University Press, New York, NYCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute Vienna Circlec/o University of ViennaViennaAustria

Personalised recommendations