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Data and phenomena: a restatement and defense


This paper provides a restatement and defense of the data/ phenomena distinction introduced by Jim Bogen and me several decades ago (e.g., Bogen and Woodward, The Philosophical Review, 303–352, 1988). Additional motivation for the distinction is introduced, ideas surrounding the distinction are clarified, and an attempt is made to respond to several criticisms.

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Correspondence to James F. Woodward.

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Woodward, J.F. Data and phenomena: a restatement and defense. Synthese 182, 165–179 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11229-009-9618-5

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  • Data
  • Phenomena
  • Inductive inference