, Volume 176, Issue 3, pp 429–445

Putnam’s account of apriority and scientific change: its historical and contemporary interest


DOI: 10.1007/s11229-009-9574-0

Cite this article as:
Tsou, J.Y. Synthese (2010) 176: 429. doi:10.1007/s11229-009-9574-0


In the 1960s and 1970s, Hilary Putnam articulated a notion of relativized apriority that was motivated to address the problem of scientific change. This paper examines Putnam’s account in its historical context and in relation to contemporary views. I begin by locating Putnam’s analysis in the historical context of Quine’s rejection of apriority, presenting Putnam as a sympathetic commentator on Quine. Subsequently, I explicate Putnam’s positive account of apriority, focusing on his analysis of the history of physics and geometry. In the remainder of the paper, I explore connections between Putnam’s account of relativized a priori principles and contemporary views. In particular, I situate Putnam’s account in relation to analyses advanced by Michael Friedman, David Stump, and William Wimsatt. From this comparison, I address issues concerning whether a priori scientific principles are appropriately characterized as “constitutive” or “entrenched”. I argue that these two features need to be clearly distinguished, and that only the constitutive function is essential to apriority. By way of conclusion, I explore the relationship between the constitutive function a priori principles and entrenchment.


Hilary Putnam Michael Friedman William Wimsatt Apriority Scientific change 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Iowa State UniversityAmesUSA

Personalised recommendations