, Volume 178, Issue 2, pp 207–218

Are creationists rational?


DOI: 10.1007/s11229-009-9544-6

Cite this article as:
Wilkins, J.S. Synthese (2011) 178: 207. doi:10.1007/s11229-009-9544-6


Creationism is usually regarded as an irrational set of beliefs. In this paper I propose that the best way to understand why individual learners settle on any mature set of beliefs is to see that as the developmental outcome of a series of “fast and frugal” boundedly rational inferences rather than as a rejection of reason. This applies to those whose views are opposed to science in general. A bounded rationality model of belief choices both serves to explain the fact that folk traditions tend to converge on “anti-modernity”, and to act as a default hypothesis, deviations from which we can use to identify other, arational, influences such as social psychological, economic and individual dispositions. I propose some educational and public policy strategies that might decrease the proportion of learners who find creationism and anti-science in general a rational choice.


Bounded rationality Epistemic commitment Creationism Anti-modernism 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyUniversity of SydneySydneyAustralia

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