, Volume 175, Issue 2, pp 123–149 | Cite as

Outline of a general model of measurement

  • Aldo Frigerio
  • Alessandro Giordani
  • Luca Mari


Measurement is a process aimed at acquiring and codifying information about properties of empirical entities. In this paper we provide an interpretation of such a process comparing it with what is nowadays considered the standard measurement theory, i.e., representational theory of measurement. It is maintained here that this theory has its own merits but it is incomplete and too abstract, its main weakness being the scant attention reserved to the empirical side of measurement, i.e., to measurement systems and to the ways in which the interactions of such systems with the entities under measurement provide a structure to an empirical domain. In particular it is claimed that (1) it is on the ground of the interaction with a measurement system that a partition can be induced on the domain of entities under measurement and that relations among such entities can be established, and that (2) it is the usage of measurement systems that guarantees a degree of objectivity and intersubjectivity to measurement results. As modeled in this paper, measurement systems link the abstract theory of measuring, as developed in representational terms, and the practice of measuring, as coded in standard documents such as the International Vocabulary of Metrology.


Measurement Representational measurement theory Measurement systems Objectivity Intersubjectivity 


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Università cattolicaMilanItaly
  2. 2.Università Carlo CattaneoCastellanza (Mi)Italy

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