, Volume 174, Issue 2, pp 237–261 | Cite as

The analytic-synthetic distinction and the classical model of science: Kant, Bolzano and Frege

  • Willem R. de JongEmail author
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This paper concentrates on some aspects of the history of the analytic-synthetic distinction from Kant to Bolzano and Frege. This history evinces considerable continuity but also some important discontinuities. The analytic-synthetic distinction has to be seen in the first place in relation to a science, i.e. an ordered system of cognition. Looking especially to the place and role of logic it will be argued that Kant, Bolzano and Frege each developed the analytic-synthetic distinction within the same conception of scientific rationality, that is, within the Classical Model of Science: scientific knowledge as cognitio ex principiis. But as we will see, the way the distinction between analytic and synthetic judgments or propositions functions within this model turns out to differ considerably between them.


Analytic-synthetic Science Logic Kant Bolzano Frege 


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This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License which permits any noncommercial use, distribution,and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.


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© The Author(s) 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculteit der WijsbegeerteVrije Universiteit AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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