Emergence and reduction in chemistry: ontological or epistemological concepts?
- 230 Downloads
In this paper I argue that the ontological interpretation of the concepts of reduction and emergence is often misleading in the philosophy of science and should nearly always be eschewed in favor of an epistemological interpretation. As a paradigm case, an example is drawn from the philosophy of chemistry to illustrate the drawbacks of “ontological reduction” and “ontological emergence,” and the virtues of an epistemological interpretation of these concepts.
KeywordsPhilosophy of Chemistry Emergence Reduction Ontology Epistemology
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Ayala F., Dobzhansky T. (1974). Studies in the philosophy of biology. Berkeley, University of California PressGoogle Scholar
- Hoffmann R. (1995). Fighting reductionism. In The same and not the same (pp. 18–21). New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
- Kim J. (1993a). Concepts of supervenience. In: Kim J. (eds), Supervenience and mind: Selected essays. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp. 53–78Google Scholar
- Kim J. (1993b). Mechanism, purpose, and explanatory exclusion. In: Kim J. (eds), Supervenience and mind: Selected philosophical essays. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp. 237–264Google Scholar
- Kim J. (1993c). The myth of nonreductive materialism. In: Kim J. (eds), Supervenience and mind: Selected philosophical essays. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp. 265–284Google Scholar
- Kim J. (2000). Mind in a physical world: An essay on the mind-body problem and mental causation. Cambridge Mass, MIT PressGoogle Scholar
- Kim J. (2005). Physicalism, or something near enough. Princeton, Princeton University PressGoogle Scholar
- McIntyre L. (2003). Taking underdetermination seriously. Nordic Journal of Philosophy 4(1): 59–72Google Scholar
- Nagel E. (1961). The structure of science: Problems in the logic of scientific explanation. New York, Harcourt, Brace, and WorldGoogle Scholar
- Sarkar S. (1998). Genetics and reductionism. Cambridge, Cambridge University PressGoogle Scholar
- Shimony A. (1987). The methodology of synthesis: Parts and wholes in low-energy physics. In: Kargon R., Achinstein P. (eds), Kelvin’s baltimore lectures and modern theoretical physics. Cambridge Mass, MIT Press, pp. 399–423Google Scholar