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Synthese

, Volume 146, Issue 1–2, pp 37–51 | Cite as

Non-Monotonic Reasoning from an Evolution-Theoretic Perspective: Ontic, Logical and Cognitive Foundations

  • Gerhard Schurz
Article

Abstract

In the first part I argue that normic laws are the phenomenological laws of evolutionary systems. If this is true, then intuitive human reasoning should be fit in reasoning from normic laws. In the second part I show that system P is a tool for reasoning with normic laws which satisfies two important evolutionary standards: it is probabilistically reliable, and it has rules of low complexity. In the third part I finally report results of an experimental study which demonstrate that intuitive human reasoning is in well accord with basic argument patterns of system P.

Keywords

Experimental Study Evolutionary System Human Reasoning Basic Argument Evolutionary Standard 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chair of Theoretical Philosophy, Department of PhilosophyUniversity of DüsseldorfDüsseldorfGermany

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