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The Problem with Token-reflexivity


This essay presents an argument against the token-reflexive approach to the semantics for indexical languages. After some preliminary remarks in section one, sections two and three explain why some traditional arguments against token-reflexivity are ultimately ineffective. Section four puts forth a more persuasive argument, to the effect that token-reflexive views overgenerate with respect to results of analyticity. However, as section five explains, defenders of the alternative, type-oriented view have all too often wasted the advantage offered by their approach: the unmotivated, independent restriction of semantic evaluation to so-called ‘proper’ indexes is responsible for undesirable conclusions, similar to those to which token- reflexive theorists are committed.

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Correspondence to Stefano Predelli.

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Predelli, S. The Problem with Token-reflexivity. Synthese 148, 5–29 (2006).

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  • Preliminary Remark
  • Persuasive Argument
  • Semantic Evaluation
  • Traditional Argument
  • Independent Restriction