The Journal of Supercomputing

, Volume 74, Issue 5, pp 1994–2005 | Cite as

A full adder structure without cross-wiring in quantum-dot cellular automata with energy dissipation analysis

  • Saeed Rasouli HeikalabadEmail author
  • Mazaher Naji Asfestani
  • Mehdi Hosseinzadeh


Quantum-dot cellular automata (QCA) is the appearance of new technology and can be a suitable alternative to semiconductor transistor technology. In this paper, the new structure of the two-input XOR gate is presented, which is the modified version of the three-input XOR gate. This structure can be used to design various useful QCA circuits. By utilizing this gate, we design and implement a new full adder structure with 90-degree cells. This structure is designed in a single layer without cross-wiring. The operation of the proposed structure has been verified by QCADesigner version 2.0.3 and energy dissipation investigated by QCAPro tool. We also compared the effectiveness of our structure with the two previous structures.


Quantum-dot cellular automata (QCA) Nanotechnology XOR gate Full adder 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saeed Rasouli Heikalabad
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mazaher Naji Asfestani
    • 1
  • Mehdi Hosseinzadeh
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Computer Engineering, Tabriz BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTabrizIran
  2. 2.Iran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  3. 3.Computer ScienceUniversity of Human DevelopmentSulaimaniyahIraq

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