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The Journal of Supercomputing

, Volume 75, Issue 1, pp 4–19 | Cite as

VMBKS: a shared memory cache system based on booting kernel in cloud

  • Xiang Shi
  • Xiaofei LiaoEmail author
  • Dayang Zheng
  • Hai Jin
  • Haikun Liu
Article
  • 134 Downloads

Abstract

In Infrastructure-as-a-Service clouds, virtual machine provisioning time is an important metric for evaluating the quality of service (QoS) provided by the service providers. VM provisioning is usually time-consuming, especially when many VMs boot up simultaneously. We call such phenomenons “Boot Storm”. In practice, many VMs would run on a single compute node for higher resource utilization. This multiple VMs and single compute node scenario easily encounters Boot Storm. Boot Storm leads to extremely high latency of VM provisioning and badly affects user’s experience. In this paper, we propose VMBKS, which is a cloud shared memory cache system based on booting kernel. We exploit VMs’ correlations to organize VM image files, to reduce cache size and mitigate the effect of Boot Storm. We use booting kernel to construct cache and share the booting kernel to correlative VMs. Evaluation shows that VMBKS can speed up VM provisioning time by up to 60 % and mitigate the effect of Boot Storm significantly.

Keywords

Boot Storm Booting kernel Cloud computing Shared memory cache VM provisioning 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by National High-tech Research and Development Program of China (863 Program) under Grant No. 2012AA010905, China National Natural Science Foundation under Grant No. 61322210, 61272408 and Natural Science Foundation of Hubei under Grant No. 2012FFA007. Xiaofei Liao is the corresponding author.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiang Shi
    • 1
  • Xiaofei Liao
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dayang Zheng
    • 1
  • Hai Jin
    • 1
  • Haikun Liu
    • 1
  1. 1.Services Computing Technology and System Lab, Cluster and Grid Computing Lab, School of Computer Science and TechnologyHuazhong University of Science and TechnologyWuhanChina

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