Advertisement

The Journal of Supercomputing

, Volume 64, Issue 2, pp 409–434 | Cite as

Standardisation advancements in the area of routing for mobile ad-hoc networks

  • Tipu Arvind Ramrekha
  • Emmanouil Panaousis
  • Christos Politis
Article

Abstract

Mobile Ad hoc Networks (MANETs) are self-organized and fully distributed networks that rely on the collaboration of participating devices to route data from source to destination. The MANET paradigm is expected to enable ubiquitous mobile communication and thus the proliferation of pervasive applications. The MANET Working Group (WG) of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) is responsible for standardizing an appropriate Internet Protocol (IP) based routing protocol functionality for both static (mesh) and dynamic (mobile) wireless ad hoc network topologies. In this paper, we provide a background on the possibility to use MANETs for enabling future pervasive internet and innovative ubiquitous services. We also describe the work achieved by the MANET WG thus far on the area of secure unicast and multicast routing for MANETs. We also examine non-IETF work on this area, chiefly based on adaptive and hybrid routing. The paper then presents comparative performance evaluations of discussed routing protocols. It is mainly observed that there is a need for adaptive hybrid routing approaches in order to support future innovative and pervasive applications. Consequently, we present our conclusions.

Keywords

Ubiquitous and pervasive networks Standardisation advancements Ad hoc networks Adaptive hybrid routing Future internet services 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Bruno R, Conti M, Gregori E (2005) Mesh networks: commodity multihop ad hoc networks. IEEE Commun Mag 43(3):123–131 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Braun D, Buford J, Fish R, Gelman A, Kaplan A, Khandelwal R, Narayanan S, Shim E, Yu H (2008) UP2P: a peer-to-peer overlay architecture for ubiquitous communications and networking. IEEE Commun Mag 46(12):32–39 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Corson S, Macker J (1999) Mobile ad hoc networking (MANET): routing protocol performance issues and evaluation considerations. Informational, [Online]. Available: http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2501.txt
  4. 4.
    Burbank JL, Chimento PF, Haberman BK, Kasch WT (2006) Key challenges of military tactical networking and the elusive promise of MANET technology. IEEE Commun Mag 44(11):39–45 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Conti M, Giordano S (2007) Multihop ad hoc networking: the reality. IEEE Commun Mag 45(4):88–95 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Chan S-P, Kok C, Wong AK (2005) Multimedia streaming gateway with jitter detection. IEEE Trans Multimed 7(3):585–592 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Clausen T, Dearlove C, Dean J, Adjih C (2009) RFC5444: generalized mobile ad hoc network (MANET) packet/message format. Std. track, [Online]. Available: http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc5444.txt
  8. 8.
    Clausen T, Jacquet P (2003) RFC3626: optimized link state routing protocol (OLSR). Experimental, [Online]. Available: http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3626.txt
  9. 9.
    Clausen T, Dearlove C (2009) RFC5497: representing multi-value time in mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs). Std. track, [Online]. Available: http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc5497.txt
  10. 10.
    Chakeres I (2009) RFC5498: IANA allocations for mobile ad hoc network (MANET) protocols. Std. track, [Online]. Available: http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc5498.txt
  11. 11.
    Clausen T, Dearlove C, Adamson B (2008) RFC5148: jitter considerations in mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs). Informational, [Online]. Available: http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc5148.txt
  12. 12.
    Hajji H (2005) Statistical analysis of network traffic for adaptive faults detection. IEEE Trans Neural Netw 16(5):1053–1063 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Clausen T, Dearlove C, Dean J (2011) RFC6130: MANET neighborhood discovery protocol (NHDP). Std. track, [Online]. Available: http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc6130.txt
  14. 14.
    Ogier R, Templin F, Lewis M (2004) Topology dissemination based on reverse-path forwarding (TBRPF). Experimental, [Online]. Available: http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3684.txt
  15. 15.
    Johnson D, Hu Y, Maltz D (2007) The dynamic source routing protocol (DSR). Experimental, [Online]. Available: http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4728.txt
  16. 16.
    Perkins C, Belding-Royer E, Das S (2003) RFC3561: ad hoc on-demand distance vector (AODV) routing. Experimental, [Online]. Available: http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3561.txt
  17. 17.
    Abusalah L, Khokhar A, Guizani M (2008) A survey of secure mobile ad hoc routing protocols. IEEE Commun Surv Tutor 10(4):78–93 Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zhang Y, Lee W (2000) Intrusion detection in wireless ad-hoc networks. In: Proc ACM MOBIHOC 2000, pp. 275–283 Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Yu W, Sun Y, Liu KJR (2005) HADOF: defense against routing disruptions in mobile ad hoc networks. In: Proc IEEE INFOCOM 2005, vol 2, pp 1252–1261 Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    De Couto D, Aguayo D, Bicket J, Morris R (2003) A high-throughput path metric for multi-hop wireless routing. In: Proc ninth annual international conf. on mobile computing and networking. ACM Mobicom, vol 3 Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Pathak H, Dutta R (2010) A survey of network design problems and joint design approaches in wireless mesh networks. IEEE Commun Surv Tutor PP(99):1–33 Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Akyildiz IF, Wang X, Wang W (2005) Wireless mesh networks: a survey. Comput Netw 47(4):445–487 MATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Samar P, Pearlman MR, Haas ZJ (2004) Independent zone routing: an adaptive hybrid routing framework for ad hoc wireless networks. IEEE/ACM Trans Netw 12(4): 595–608 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Bisnik N, Abouzeid A (2009) Queuing network models for delay analysis of multihop wireless ad hoc networks. Ad Hoc Netw 7(1):79–97 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Groenevelt R, Nain P, Koole G (2005) The message delay in mobile ad hoc networks. Perform Eval 62:210–228 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Wang Z, Crowcroft J (1996) Quality-of-service routing for supporting multimedia applications. IEEE J Sel Areas Commun 14:1228–1234 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Ramrekha TA, Politis C (2010) A hybrid adaptive routing protocol for extreme emergency ad hoc communication. In: Proceedings of 19th IEEE International Conference Computer Communications And Networks (ICCCN), pp 1–6, 2–5 August 2010 Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Ramrekha TA, Millar GP, Politis C (2011) A model for designing scalable and efficient adaptive routing approaches in emergency ad hoc communications. In: IEEE Symposium on Computers And Communications (ISCC), pp 916-923, 28 June–1 July 2011 Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Chai WK, Wang N, Psaras I, Pavlou G, Wang C, Garcia de Blas G, Ramon-Salguero FJ, Liang L, Spirou S, Beben A, Hadjioannou E (2011) Curling: content-ubiquitous resolution and delivery infrastructure for next-generation services. IEEE Commun Mag 49(3):112–120 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tipu Arvind Ramrekha
    • 1
  • Emmanouil Panaousis
    • 1
  • Christos Politis
    • 1
  1. 1.Wireless Multimedia & Networking (WMN) Research Group, Faculty of Science, Engineering and Computing (SEC)Kingston University LondonLondonUK

Personalised recommendations