Deep inference is a natural generalisation of the one-sided sequent calculus where rules are allowed to apply deeply inside formulas, much like rewrite rules in term rewriting. This freedom in applying inference rules allows to express logical systems that are difficult or impossible to express in the cut-free sequent calculus and it also allows for a more fine-grained analysis of derivations than the sequent calculus. However, the same freedom also makes it harder to carry out this analysis, in particular it is harder to design cut elimination procedures. In this paper we see a cut elimination procedure for a deep inference system for classical predicate logic. As a consequence we derive Herbrand's Theorem, which we express as a factorisation of derivations.
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Brünnler, K. Cut Elimination inside a Deep Inference System for Classical Predicate Logic. Stud Logica 82, 51–71 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11225-006-6605-4
- cut elimination
- deep inference
- first-order predicate logic