Theoretical insight to the complexation of some transition metals with cryptand
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The most practicable complexes formed between Cryptand[2.2.2] and hydrated Mn(II), Fe(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), and Zn(II) cations (denoted as [ML]+2) were modeled using computational chemistry methods. The energies of complexation reactions were calculated in both gas phase and solution at B3LYP/6-31+G(d) and B3LYP/6-311++G(3df,2pd) levels of theory. The accuracy of selected computational methods was confirmed with comparison between available X-ray data and computational results. The results suggested that [CuL]+2 and [CoL]+2 structures could be the most and the least stable systems, respectively. The nature of metal-ligand interactions based on quantum theory of atoms in molecule (QTAIM) was discussed for all the complexes. This analysis confirmed the ionic nature of metal-ligand interactions due to electron density values for M-O bonds and M-N interactions. Natural bond orbital (NBO) and natural energy decomposition analysis (NEDA) were utilized to explain more details of interaction between divalent cations and donor atoms of the ligand.
KeywordsCryptand Complexation DFT NBO AIM NEDA
We gratefully acknowledge the graduate office of University of Guilan for supporting of this work. M Arabieh would like to thank Dr. Rahil Yazdanshenas for her kindly support to Samyar.
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