Structural Chemistry

, Volume 28, Issue 2, pp 345–355 | Cite as

An insight on the aromatic changes in closed shell icosagen, tetrel, and pnictogen phenalenyl derivatives

  • Cristina Trujillo
  • Goar Sánchez-SanzEmail author
  • Ibon Alkorta
  • José Elguero
Original Research


A computational study of the aromatic and antiaromatic characteristics of closed shell charged phenalenyl (PLY+1 and PLY−1) upon replacement of the central carbon atom by icosagen (B, Al and Ga), tetrel (Si and Ge) and pnictogen (N, P and As) atoms comprising systems in which the icosagen and pnictogen derivatives considered are neutral while the tetrel ones are anions or cations, has been carried out at the B3LYP/6–311++G(d,p) computational level. By substitution, two different kinds of structures have been obtained, one planar (N and B) and another one bowl-shaped depending on the size of the central atom. In terms of aromaticity, the substitution of the central C atom causes a loss of the aromatic character in all cases as indicated by nucleus-independent chemical shifts (NICS) profiles and NICS values on the 0.001 au isosurface. Regarding the charge, PLY+1 presents larger electron delocalisation than PLY−1, phenomenon associated with aromaticity. Furthermore, the current density maps for those planar systems corroborate NICS findings, showing anticlockwise currents in PLY+1 (like in benzene) but clockwise in PLY-N0 and PLY-B0, indicating aromatic and antiaromatic behaviour, respectively.


Aromaticity NICS Wiberg bond indices Tetrel Pnictogen Icosagen Phenalenyl 



Thanks are given to the Human Frontier Science Program (Project Reference: LT001022/2013-C) for the support and to the Irish Centre for High-End Computing (ICHEC) and Centro de Computación Científica de la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (CCC-UAM) for the provision of computational facilities. This work has been supported by the Spanish Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (CTQ2015-63997-C2-2-P) and Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid (S2013/MIT-2841, Fotocarbon). Computer, storage and other resources from the CTI (CSIC) are gratefully acknowledged.

Supplementary material

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chemistry, Trinity Biomedical Sciences InstituteTrinity College DublinDublin 2Ireland
  2. 2.School of ChemistryUniversity College DublinDublin 4Ireland
  3. 3.Instituto de Química Médica, CSICMadridSpain

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