Structural Chemistry

, Volume 24, Issue 3, pp 827–835 | Cite as

Gas-phase structures of dithietane derivatives, including an electron diffraction study of 1,3-dithietane 1,1,3,3-tetraoxide

  • Derek A. Wann
  • Andrzej Bil
  • Paul D. Lane
  • Heather E. Robertson
  • David W. H. Rankin
  • Eric Block
Original Research


The gas electron diffraction structure of 1,3-dithietane 1,1,3,3-tetraoxide has been determined using the SARACEN method to restrain parameters that otherwise could not be refined. Quantum chemical calculations for this species showed that the potential-energy surface was extremely flat, and this was also observed from the diffraction experiments. The difference in goodness of fit for the diffraction experiment between a planar ring and one puckered by up to 9° was very small. Calculations were also performed for a variety of similar species with different numbers of oxygen atoms attached to the sulphur atoms. Topological analysis of the electron density, and electron localisation function studies of the relevant molecules, have given deeper insight into the nature of their bonding, and suggested how spatial localisation of electron pairs may influence the molecular structure.


Gas electron diffraction Dithietanes Quantum chemical calculations SARACEN AIM theory Electron localisation function 



We thank the EPSRC for funding the electron diffraction research (EP/F037317 and EP/I004122). A.B. would like to thank the Wrocław Supercomputer and Networking Center for a grant of computer time, and the HPC-Europa2 project of the European Commission for funding a trip to Edinburgh that led to this collaboration. E.B. acknowledges support from the National Science Foundation (Grant CHE 0744578). The authors would like to acknowledge the use of the EPSRC UK National Service for Computational Chemistry Software (NSCCS) at Imperial College London in carrying out this work. This research also made use of resources provided by the Edinburgh Compute and Data Facility (, which is partially supported by the eDIKT initiative (

Supplementary material

11224_2012_179_MOESM1_ESM.doc (1.6 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 1637 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Derek A. Wann
    • 1
  • Andrzej Bil
    • 2
  • Paul D. Lane
    • 1
  • Heather E. Robertson
    • 1
  • David W. H. Rankin
    • 1
  • Eric Block
    • 3
  1. 1.School of ChemistryUniversity of EdinburghEdinburghUK
  2. 2.Faculty of ChemistryUniversity of WrocławWrocławPoland
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryUniversity at Albany, State University of New YorkAlbanyUSA

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