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Theoretical studies of furoxan-based energetic nitrogen-rich compounds

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Abstract

Density functional theory calculations were performed to study the effects of different substituents and nitrogen-containing heterocyclic rings on the heats of formation (HOFs), energetic properties, and thermal stability for a series of furoxan derivatives. The isodesmic reaction method was employed to calculate the HOFs of the derivatives using total energies obtained from electronic structure calculations. The detonation velocities and pressures were evaluated by using the semiempirical Kamlet–Jacobs equations, based on the theoretical densities and HOFs. The bond dissociation energies and bond orders for the weakest bonds were analyzed to investigate the thermal stability of the furoxan derivatives. These results provide basic information for the molecular design of novel high energy density materials.

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Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the NSAF Foundation of National Natural Science Foundation of China and China Academy of Engineering Physics (Grant No. 10876013) and the Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education (200802881043).

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Correspondence to Weihua Zhu.

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Zhu, W., Zhang, C., Wei, T. et al. Theoretical studies of furoxan-based energetic nitrogen-rich compounds. Struct Chem 22, 149–159 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11224-010-9696-5

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Keywords

  • Furoxan derivatives
  • Density functional theory
  • Isodesmic reaction
  • Heats of formation
  • Detonation velocity and pressure