Strength of Materials

, Volume 51, Issue 1, pp 11–17 | Cite as

Simulation of the Lightweight Ceramic/Aluminum Alloy Composite Armor for Optimizing Component Thickness Ratios

  • Z.-L. Chang
  • W.-L. Zhao
  • G.-P. ZouEmail author
  • H.-Q. Sun

The lightweight ceramic/aluminum alloy composite armor design is examined and optimized to get better protective performance. The armor penetrability is simulated via the smooth particle hydromechanics approach using the ANSYS/AUTODYN software. The accuracy of the program was verified by comparing with known data. Three composite armor types with the total thickness of 30, 40, and 50 mm, and five different ceramic/metal thickness ratios were analyzed in simulation of the residual bullet speed and the final distance. Simulation results are compared with the theoretical model. The best bullet protective performance of the three armor types was obtained with the ceramic/aluminum alloy thickness ratio of 4:1.


ceramic composite armor smooth particle hydromechanics method penetration 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 11602068 and 11602066) and Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Nos. HEUCFM170203, HEUCFP201744, and HEUCFP201762).


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Aerospace and Civil Engineering, Harbin Engineering UniversityHarbinChina
  2. 2.College of ScienceHeilongjiang University of Science and TechnologyHarbinChina

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