Advertisement

Strength of Materials

, Volume 50, Issue 5, pp 818–823 | Cite as

Coupled Deformation and Diffusion Process at the Stainless Steel/Carbon Steel Interface in the Deformation Bonding Process

  • S. Li
  • Q. D. Zhang
  • J. Y. Liu
Article
  • 3 Downloads

Cylindrical and surface-treated blanks were used to prepare stainless steel/carbon steel composite specimens at different temperatures. The coupled deformation and diffusion of materials at the interface were investigated by SEM and ultrasonic “C” scanning detection. The difference in the elongation of the two metals is shown to result in tearing at the interface in the deformation bonding process. Cracks are mainly located in a more readily expanding substrate and are more pronounced at lower deformation temperatures. With an increase in deformation temperatures, the bonding efficiency also increases significantly, but the diffusion layer thickness is basically the same. The bonding efficiency of composites can be greatly improved by mechanical surface treatment at normal deformation temperatures.

Keywords

composites interface deformation bonding diffusion mechanical surface treatment 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51575040).

References

  1. 1.
    J. Y. Jin and S. I. Hong, “Effect of heat treatment on tensile deformation characteristics and properties of Al3003/STS439 clad composite,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 596, 1–8 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. Knezevic, M. Jahedi, Y. P. Korkolis, and I. J. Beyerlein, “Material-based design of the extrusion of bimetallic tubes,” Comput. Mater. Sci., 95, 63–73 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    E. Y. Kim, J. H. Cho, H. W. Kim, and H. C. Shi, “Evolution of deformation texture in Al/Al–Mg/Al composite sheets during cold-roll cladding,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 530, 244–252 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    I. K. Kim and S. I. Hong, “Effect of component layer thickness on the bending behaviors of roll-bonded tri-layered Mg/Al/STS clad composites,” Mater. Design, 49, 935–944 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    H. G. Kang, J. K. Kim, M. Y. Huh, and O. Engler, “A combined texture and FEM study of strain states during roll-cladding of five-ply stainless steel/aluminum composites,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 452–453, 347–358 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    R. Jamaati and M. R. Toroghinejad, “Investigation of the parameters of the cold roll bonding (CRB) process,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 527, No. 9, 2320–2326 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    R. Jamaati and M. R. Toroghinejad, “Effect of friction, annealing conditions and hardness on the bond strength of Al/Al strips produced by cold roll bonding process,” Mater. Design, 31, No. 9, 4508–4513 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    V. R. Dave, I. J. Beyerlein, D. A. Hartman, and J. M. Barbieri, “A probabilistic diffusion weld modeling framework,” Weld. J., 82, No. 7, 170–178 (2003).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    T. H. Lee, Y. J. Lee, K. T. Park, et al., “Controlling Al/Cu composite diffusion layer during hydrostatic extrusion by using colloidal Ag,” J. Mater. Process. Tech., 213, No. 3, 487–494 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Z. Jiao, C. Song, T. Lin, and P. He, “Molecular dynamics simulation of the effect of surface roughness and pore on linear friction welding between Ni and Al,” Comput. Mater. Sci., 50, No. 12, 3385–3389 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    T. M. Wang, F. Cao, P. Zhou, et al., “Study on diffusion behavior and microstructural evolution of Al/Cu bimetal interface by synchrotron X-ray radiography,” J. Alloy. Compd., 616, 550–555 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    D. R. Lesuer, C. K. Syn, O. D. Sherby, et al., “Mechanical behaviour of laminated metal composites,” Int. Mater. Rev., 41, No. 5, 169–197 (1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of Science and Technology BeijingBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations