Sensing and Imaging

, 19:28 | Cite as

Investigation on Structural, Morphological, Optical and Ammonia Sensing Properties Indium Doped Nano Crystalline ZnO Thin Films Synthesized by Spray Pyrolysis Technique

  • M. Rajendra Prasad
  • M. HarisEmail author
  • M. Sridharan
Original Paper


In the present work, nanostructured In doped ZnO thin films were synthesized using spray pyrolysis technique with different molarity concentrations (0.001–0.004). X-ray diffraction patterns confirms the polycrystalline nature of the films with hexagonal structure. The crystallite size is going to be increases with increase in dopant concentration. The field-emission scanning electron micrograph of undoped ZnO exhibits spherical shaped particles with intergrain pores and the intergrain pores decreases with increases in indium concentration. The transmittance and band gap is going to be decreases with increase in indium concentration. The ammonia (NH3) sensing properties of the undoped ZnO and In doped ZnO thin films were carried out at room temperature and the sensing responses of the samples towards NH3 concentrations were reported.


ZnO Indium Spray pyrolysis Band gap properties NH3 sensing 



Authors wish to acknowledge to Department of Nano Science and Technology, Karunya University, Coimbatore to provide XRD & UV. The author also wishes to express their sincere thanks to Coimbatore Institute of Technology, Coimbatore and SASTRA University, Thanjavur to provide FE-SEM, EDX and Sensor facilities. One of the authors, MS sincerely thanks the Defence Research Development Organization, Govt. India for the financial support (Grant: 0903810-1229).


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsKarunya Institute of Technology and Sciences, Deemed to be UniversityCoimbatoreIndia
  2. 2.Functional Nanomaterials & Devices Lab, Centre for Nanotechnology & Advanced Biomaterials and School of Electrical & Electronics EngineeringSASTRA, Deemed to be UniversityThanjavurIndia

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