Sensing and Imaging

, 15:98

Top-Level System Designs for Hybrid Low-Field MRI–CT with Potential of Pulmonary Imaging

Original Paper
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection: Hybrid Imaging and Image Fusion

Abstract

We previously discussed “omni-tomography”, but intrinsic conflicts between the magnetic fields of the MRI and the X-ray tube within the CT are inherent. We propose that by using low-field MRI with a negligible fringe field at the site of the CT source, it is possible to create a CT–MRI system with minimal interference. Low field MRI is particularly useful for lung imaging, where hyperpolarized gas can enhance the signal. Three major designs were considered and simulated, with modifications in coil design and axis allowing for further variation. The first uses Halbach arrays to minimize magnetic fields outside, the second uses solenoids pairs with active shielding, and the third uses a rotating compact MRI–CT. Each system is low field, which may allow the implementation of a standard rotating CT. Both structural and functional information can be acquired simultaneously for a true hybrid image with matching temporal and spatial image acquisition.

Keywords

Computed tomography Hybrid combination Interior tomography Low field Lung imaging Magnetic resonance imaging 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.BMEBoston UniversityBostonUSA
  2. 2.CBIS/BMERensselaer Polytechnic InstituteTroyUSA
  3. 3.Key Lab of Optoelectronic Technology and System, Ministry of EducationChongqing UniversityChongqingChina

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