My grade, my right: linking academic entitlement to academic performance

  • Bianca BertlEmail author
  • Denise Andrzejewski
  • Lynda Hyland
  • Anita Shrivastava
  • Douglas Russell
  • Jakob Pietschnig
Original Research


The identification of determinants and correlates of academic entitlement is of particular interest for researchers and (academic) tutors alike. Whilst personality traits have been linked to academic entitlement in the past, the relative importance of familial influence remains unclear. Hence, to address this deficit, this study utilizes a sample of business and psychology undergraduates (N = 170) in the United Arab Emirates. Additionally, the impact of academic entitlement on students’ misestimation of coursework grades was assessed in a subsample of psychology undergraduates (N = 92). Multiple regression analyses revealed honesty–humility as the strongest predictor of academic entitlement, indicating lower entitlement of more honest students. In contrast, familial influences were unrelated to academic entitlement. Interestingly, higher entitled expectations were associated with larger overestimation of grades. Our findings indicate honesty–humility as an important driver of academic entitlement, whilst entitled expectations appear to be associated with misperceptions of students own academic performance.


Academic entitlement Academic outcomes Grade estimation Personality Family influence 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of Middlesex University Dubai Ethics Committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bianca Bertl
    • 1
    Email author
  • Denise Andrzejewski
    • 1
  • Lynda Hyland
    • 1
  • Anita Shrivastava
    • 1
  • Douglas Russell
    • 2
  • Jakob Pietschnig
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Science and TechnologyMiddlesex University DubaiDubaiUnited Arab Emirates
  2. 2.Institute of Child Protection StudiesAustralian Catholic UniversityMelbourneAustralia
  3. 3.Department of Applied Psychology: Health, Development, Enhancement and Intervention, Faculty of PsychologyUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria

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