Social Psychology of Education

, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 281–301 | Cite as

Parental discipline practices and locus of control: relationship to bullying and victimization experiences of elementary school students

  • Constantinos M. KokkinosEmail author
  • Georgia Panayiotou


This study examined the association between parenting locus of control, discipline practices, and bullying and victimization experiences of elementary school children. A total of 186 children and 160 parents responded to structured questionnaires, assessing parenting locus of control and discipline practices among the parents, and bullying and victimization experiences among the children. Results indicated that parental discipline practices were correlated with specific dimensions of parenting locus of control. Although parental characteristics did not seem to predict children’s behavior, the reverse was partially supported, in that involvement in bullying explained a small amount of variance in parenting practices. More importantly, parenting locus of control dimensions were significantly predictive of discipline practices, such that the more external the locus of control, the less effective the discipline practices (i.e. punishment and inconsistency) used by parents. It appears that parenting locus of control needs to be taken into consideration when attempting to understand parenting behavior.


parenting locus of control discipline practices bullying victimization students 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Primary EducationDemocritus University of ThraceAlexandroupolisGreece
  2. 2.University of CyprusNicosiaCyprus

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