Social Psychology of Education

, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 77–91 | Cite as

Examining role stress among technical students in India

  • Rakesh Kumar Agrawal
  • Shailendra Singh Chahar


Although organizational stress has been the subject of much research, role stress among professional students in India has not been well examined. This study explores the extent and types of role stresses present among the engineering and management students in India. The findings reveal that students are experiencing role overload, role stagnation and self-role distance. Male students experience higher levels of role stagnation than female students. However, no significant differences could be observed on any of the role stressors between first year students and their seniors, or between management and engineering students. The results are indicative of the social and educational environment prevailing in the country.


role stress technical students India 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Aziz M. (2003). Organisational role stress among Indian information technology professionals. Asian-Pacific Newsletter on Occupational Health & Safety 10(2): 31–33Google Scholar
  2. Aziz M. (2004). Role stress among women in the Indian information technology sector. Women in Management Review 19(7): 356–363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cahir N., Morris R.D. (1991). The psychology student stress questionnaire. Journal of Clinical Psychology 47(3): 414–417Google Scholar
  4. Choudhury, S. & Bose, S. (2006). The jobs paradox. Hindustan Times. New Delhi: April 23, p. 9.Google Scholar
  5. Coleman J.C. (1976). Abnormal psychology and modern life. Bombay, Taraporewalla. (Indian reprint)Google Scholar
  6. Conley S., Woosley S.A. (2000). Teacher role stress, higher order needs and work outcomes. Journal of Educational Administration 38(2): 179–201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cooper C.L., Cartwright S. (1994). Healthy mind, healthy organization: A proactive approach to occupational stress. Human Relations 47: 455–471CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cooper C.L., Marshall J. (1976). Occupational sources of stress: A review of the literature relating to coronary heart & mental ill-health. Journal of Occupational Psychology 49: 11–28Google Scholar
  9. Fontana D. (1989). Managing stress. London, British Psychological Society & RoutledgeGoogle Scholar
  10. Gadzella B.M. (1994). Student-life stress inventory: Identification of and reactions to stressors. Psychological Reports 74: 395–402Google Scholar
  11. Hafner H. (1968). Psychological disturbances following prolonged persecution. Social Psychiatry 3(3): 80–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Jogaratnam G., Buchanan P. (2004). Balancing the demands of school and work: Stress and employed hospitality students. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management 16(4): 237–245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Joshi P.C., Singhvi M.K. (1997). Role stress and burnout. In: Pestonjee D.M., Pareek U. (eds) Studies in organizational role stress and coping. Jaipur, RawatGoogle Scholar
  14. Kahn R. (1980). Conflict, ambiguity, and overload: Three elements in job stress. In: Katz D., Kahn R., Adams J. (eds) The study of organizations. San Francisco, CA, Jossey-Bass, pp. 418–428Google Scholar
  15. Kahn R.L., Quinn R.P. (1970). Role stress: A framework for analysis. In: McLean A. (ed) Occupational mental health. New York NY, Rand-McNallyGoogle Scholar
  16. Kahn R.L., Wolfe D., Quinn R.P., Snoek J., Rosenthal R. (1964). Organizational stress: Studies in the role conflict and role ambiguity. New York NY, John Wiley, pp.1–2Google Scholar
  17. Kapur R. (1969). Role conflict among employed housewives. Indian Journal of Industrial Relations 5(1): 39–67Google Scholar
  18. Pareek U. (1993). Making organizational roles effective. New Delhi, TMHGoogle Scholar
  19. Pareek U. (1997). Role stress and coping: A framework. In: Pestonjee D.M.. Pareek U. (eds) Studies in organizational role stress and coping. Jaipur, RawatGoogle Scholar
  20. Pareek U. (2002). Training instruments in HRD & OD. New Delhi, TMHGoogle Scholar
  21. Pattanayak B. (2003). Towards building a better HRD climate: A study on organizational role stress and work life. International Journal of Human Resources Development & Management 3(4): 371–378CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Pestonjee D.M., Pareek U. (1997). Studies in organizational role stress and coping. Jaipur, RawatGoogle Scholar
  23. Pestonjee D.M., Pareek U., Agrawal R. (1999). Studies in stress and its management. New Delhi, Oxford & IBHGoogle Scholar
  24. Polson M., Nida R. (1998). Program and trainee lifestyle stress: A survey of AAMFT student members. Journal of Marital & Family Therapy 24(1): 95–112Google Scholar
  25. Robbins, S.P. (2003). Organizational behavior. (10th ed., Indian reprint) Delhi: Pearson.Google Scholar
  26. Schuler R.S., Aldag R.J., Brief A.P. (1977). Role conflict and A scale analysis. Organizational Behavior & Human Performance 20: 111–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Selye H. (1976). The stress of life. (2nd ed). New York, McGraw HillGoogle Scholar
  28. Sher K.J., Wood P.K., Gotham H.J. (1996). The course of psychological distress in college: A prospective high-risk study. Journal of College Student Development 37(1): 42–51Google Scholar
  29. Strange R.E., Brown D. (1970). Home from the war: A study of psychiatric problems in Vietnam returnees. American Journal of Psychiatry 127(4): 488–492Google Scholar
  30. Sutton R.I. (1984). Job stress among primary and secondary schoolteachers: Its relationship to ill-being. Work & Occupations 11(1): 7–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Wolfe S.G. (1986). Common and grave disorders identified with occupational stress. In: Wolfe S.G., Finestone A.J. (eds) Occupational stress: Health and performance at work. Littleton, PSG, pp. 47–53Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rakesh Kumar Agrawal
    • 1
  • Shailendra Singh Chahar
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Management TechnologyGhaziabadIndia
  2. 2.New DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations