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Space Science Reviews

, 214:6 | Cite as

SHOK—The First Russian Wide-Field Optical Camera in Space

  • V. M. Lipunov
  • E. S. GorbovskoyEmail author
  • V. G. Kornilov
  • M. I. Panasyuk
  • A. M. Amelushkin
  • V. L. Petrov
  • I. V. Yashin
  • S. I. Svertilov
  • N. N. Vedenkin
Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. The Lomonosov Mission

Abstract

Onboard the spacecraft Lomonosov is established two fast, fixed, very wide-field cameras SHOK. The main goal of this experiment is the observation of GRB optical emission before, synchronously, and after the gamma-ray emission. The field of view of each of the cameras is placed in the gamma-ray burst detection area of other devices located onboard the “Lomonosov” spacecraft. SHOK provides measurements of optical emissions with a magnitude limit of \(\sim 9\mbox{--}10^{m}\) on a single frame with an exposure of 0.2 seconds. The device is designed for continuous sky monitoring at optical wavelengths in the very wide field of view (1000 square degrees each camera), detection and localization of fast time-varying (transient) optical sources on the celestial sphere, including provisional and synchronous time recording of optical emissions from the gamma-ray burst error boxes, detected by the BDRG device and implemented by a control signal (alert trigger) from the BDRG. The Lomonosov spacecraft has two identical devices, SHOK1 and SHOK2. The core of each SHOK device is a fast-speed 11-Megapixel CCD. Each of the SHOK devices represents a monoblock, consisting of a node observations of optical emission, the electronics node, elements of the mechanical construction, and the body.

Keywords

GRB Lomonosov spacecraft MASTER net Optical transients Gamma-ray burst and robotic telescope 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful for support in parts by Moscow Association OPTICA (equipment), the Development Program of Lomonosov Moscow State University, by the Russian Science Foundation agreement 16-12-00085. MP and SS were supported in part by Russian Foundation of Basic Research 17-52-80133. We are especially grateful to S.M. Bodrov for his long years of support. We are grateful to the anonymous referee who helped make this article better.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. M. Lipunov
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • E. S. Gorbovskoy
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • V. G. Kornilov
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. I. Panasyuk
    • 1
    • 4
  • A. M. Amelushkin
    • 1
    • 4
  • V. L. Petrov
    • 1
    • 4
  • I. V. Yashin
    • 1
    • 4
  • S. I. Svertilov
    • 1
    • 4
  • N. N. Vedenkin
    • 4
  1. 1.Physics DepartmentM.V. Lomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Sternberg Astronomical InstituteM.V. Lomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Physical DepartmentM.V. Lomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  4. 4.Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics (SINP MSU)M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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