Space Science Reviews

, Volume 201, Issue 1–4, pp 1–53 | Cite as

Solar Coronal Jets: Observations, Theory, and Modeling

  • N. E. Raouafi
  • S. Patsourakos
  • E. Pariat
  • P. R. Young
  • A. C. Sterling
  • A. Savcheva
  • M. Shimojo
  • F. Moreno-Insertis
  • C. R. DeVore
  • V. Archontis
  • T. Török
  • H. Mason
  • W. Curdt
  • K. Meyer
  • K. Dalmasse
  • Y. Matsui
Article

Abstract

Coronal jets represent important manifestations of ubiquitous solar transients, which may be the source of significant mass and energy input to the upper solar atmosphere and the solar wind. While the energy involved in a jet-like event is smaller than that of “nominal” solar flares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs), jets share many common properties with these phenomena, in particular, the explosive magnetically driven dynamics. Studies of jets could, therefore, provide critical insight for understanding the larger, more complex drivers of the solar activity. On the other side of the size-spectrum, the study of jets could also supply important clues on the physics of transients close or at the limit of the current spatial resolution such as spicules. Furthermore, jet phenomena may hint to basic process for heating the corona and accelerating the solar wind; consequently their study gives us the opportunity to attack a broad range of solar-heliospheric problems.

Keywords

Plasmas Sun: activity Sun: corona Sun: magnetic fields Sun: UV radiation Sun: X-rays 

Abbreviations

AIA

Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (Lemen et al. 2012)

AR(s)

Active region(s)

AU

Astronomical unit

BP(s)

Bright point(s)

CBP(s)

Coronal bright point(s)

CDS

Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer (Harrison et al. 1995)

CH(s)

Coronal hole(s)

ECH(s)

Equatorial coronal hole(s)

EIS

EUV Imaging Spectrometer (Culhane et al. 2007b)

EIT

EUV Imaging Telescope (Delaboudinière et al. 1995)

EUV

Extreme ultraviolet

EUVI

Extreme UV Imager (Wuelser et al. 2004)

FOV

Field of view

Hinode

Solar-B pre-launch (Kosugi et al. 2007)

HMI

Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (Scherrer et al. 2012)

HXR(s)

Hard X-ray(s)

IRIS

Interface Region Imaging Spectrometer (de Pontieu et al. 2014b)

ISSI

International Space Science Institute, Bern, Switzerland

JBP(s)

Jet-base bright point(s)

LASCO

Large Angle and Spectrometer COronagraph (Brueckner et al. 1995)

LOS

Line of sight

MDI

Michelson Doppler Imager (Scherrer et al. 1995)

MHD

Magnetohydrodynamic

PCH(s)

Polar coronal hole(s)

QS

Quiet Sun

RHESSI

Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (Lin et al. 2002)

SDO

Solar Dynamics Observatory (Pesnell et al. 2012)

SECCHI

Sun Earth Connection Coronal and Heliospheric Investigation (Howard et al. 2008)

SOHO

Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (Domingo et al. 1995)

STEREO

Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory (Kaiser et al. 2008)

SUMER

Solar UV Measurements of Emitted Radiation spectrometer (Wilhelm et al. 1995)

SW

Solar wind

SXR(s)

Soft X-ray(s)

SXT

Soft X-ray Telescope (Tsuneta et al. 1991)

TRACE

Transition Region And Coronal Explorer (Handy et al. 1999)

UV

Ultraviolet

UVCS

UV Coronagraph Spectrometer (Kohl et al. 1995)

WL

White light

XRT

X-ray Telescope (Golub et al. 2007)

Yohkoh

Solar-A pre-launch (Ogawara et al. 1991)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. E. Raouafi
    • 1
  • S. Patsourakos
    • 2
  • E. Pariat
    • 3
  • P. R. Young
    • 4
    • 5
  • A. C. Sterling
    • 6
  • A. Savcheva
    • 7
  • M. Shimojo
    • 8
  • F. Moreno-Insertis
    • 9
  • C. R. DeVore
    • 10
  • V. Archontis
    • 11
  • T. Török
    • 12
  • H. Mason
    • 13
  • W. Curdt
    • 14
  • K. Meyer
    • 15
  • K. Dalmasse
    • 16
    • 3
  • Y. Matsui
    • 17
  1. 1.The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics LaboratoryLaurelUSA
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsUniversity of IoanninaIoanninaGreece
  3. 3.LESIAObservatoire de ParisMeudonFrance
  4. 4.College of ScienceGeorge Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA
  5. 5.NASA/Goddard Space Flight CenterGreenbeltUSA
  6. 6.NASA/Marshall Space Flight CenterHuntsvilleUSA
  7. 7.Harvard-Smithsonian Center for AstrophysicsCambridgeUSA
  8. 8.National Astronomical Observatory of JapanMitakaJapan
  9. 9.Instituto de Astrofísica de CanariasLa LagunaSpain
  10. 10.Heliophysics Science DivisionNASA Goddard Space Flight CenterGreenbeltUSA
  11. 11.School of Mathematics and StatisticsUniversity of St. AndrewsSt. AndrewsUK
  12. 12.Predictive Science Inc.San DiegoUSA
  13. 13.DAMTP, Centre for Mathematical SciencesUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK
  14. 14.Max-Planck-Institut für SonnensystemforschungGöttingenGermany
  15. 15.Division of Computing and MathematicsAbertay UniversityDundeeUK
  16. 16.CISL/HAONCARBoulderUSA
  17. 17.Department of Earth and Planetary ScienceUniversity of TokyoTokyoJapan

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