Space Science Reviews

, Volume 200, Issue 1–4, pp 1–73

Solar Science with the Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array—A New View of Our Sun

  • S. Wedemeyer
  • T. Bastian
  • R. Brajša
  • H. Hudson
  • G. Fleishman
  • M. Loukitcheva
  • B. Fleck
  • E. P. Kontar
  • B. De Pontieu
  • P. Yagoubov
  • S. K. Tiwari
  • R. Soler
  • J. H. Black
  • P. Antolin
  • E. Scullion
  • S. Gunár
  • N. Labrosse
  • H.-G. Ludwig
  • A. O. Benz
  • S. M. White
  • P. Hauschildt
  • J. G. Doyle
  • V. M. Nakariakov
  • T. Ayres
  • P. Heinzel
  • M. Karlicky
  • T. Van Doorsselaere
  • D. Gary
  • C. E. Alissandrakis
  • A. Nindos
  • S. K. Solanki
  • L. Rouppe van der Voort
  • M. Shimojo
  • Y. Kato
  • T. Zaqarashvili
  • E. Perez
  • C. L. Selhorst
  • M. Barta
Article

Abstract

The Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) is a new powerful tool for observing the Sun at high spatial, temporal, and spectral resolution. These capabilities can address a broad range of fundamental scientific questions in solar physics. The radiation observed by ALMA originates mostly from the chromosphere—a complex and dynamic region between the photosphere and corona, which plays a crucial role in the transport of energy and matter and, ultimately, the heating of the outer layers of the solar atmosphere. Based on first solar test observations, strategies for regular solar campaigns are currently being developed. State-of-the-art numerical simulations of the solar atmosphere and modeling of instrumental effects can help constrain and optimize future observing modes for ALMA. Here we present a short technical description of ALMA and an overview of past efforts and future possibilities for solar observations at submillimeter and millimeter wavelengths. In addition, selected numerical simulations and observations at other wavelengths demonstrate ALMA’s scientific potential for studying the Sun for a large range of science cases.

Keywords

Sun Photosphere Chromosphere Corona Magnetohydrodynamics Radiative transfer Flares Prominences 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Wedemeyer
    • 1
    • 2
  • T. Bastian
    • 3
  • R. Brajša
    • 2
    • 4
  • H. Hudson
    • 5
    • 6
  • G. Fleishman
    • 7
  • M. Loukitcheva
    • 8
    • 9
  • B. Fleck
    • 10
  • E. P. Kontar
    • 6
  • B. De Pontieu
    • 1
    • 11
  • P. Yagoubov
    • 12
  • S. K. Tiwari
    • 13
  • R. Soler
    • 14
  • J. H. Black
    • 15
  • P. Antolin
    • 16
  • E. Scullion
    • 17
  • S. Gunár
    • 18
    • 19
  • N. Labrosse
    • 6
  • H.-G. Ludwig
    • 20
  • A. O. Benz
    • 21
  • S. M. White
    • 22
  • P. Hauschildt
    • 23
  • J. G. Doyle
    • 24
  • V. M. Nakariakov
    • 25
  • T. Ayres
    • 26
  • P. Heinzel
    • 19
  • M. Karlicky
    • 19
    • 2
  • T. Van Doorsselaere
    • 27
  • D. Gary
    • 7
  • C. E. Alissandrakis
    • 28
  • A. Nindos
    • 28
  • S. K. Solanki
    • 29
    • 30
  • L. Rouppe van der Voort
    • 1
  • M. Shimojo
    • 16
  • Y. Kato
    • 1
  • T. Zaqarashvili
    • 31
    • 32
  • E. Perez
    • 6
  • C. L. Selhorst
    • 33
  • M. Barta
    • 19
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Theoretical AstrophysicsUniversity of OsloOsloNorway
  2. 2.European ARC, Czech nodeAstronomical Institute ASCROndrejovCzech Republic
  3. 3.National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO)CharlottesvilleUSA
  4. 4.Hvar Observatory, Faculty of GeodesyUniversity of ZagrebZagrebCroatia
  5. 5.Space Sciences LaboratoryUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  6. 6.SUPA, School of Physics & AstronomyUniversity of GlasgowGlasgowUK
  7. 7.Center for Solar-Terrestrial Research, Physics DepartmentNew Jersey Institute of TechnologyNewarkUSA
  8. 8.Astronomical InstituteSaint-Petersburg UniversitySaint-PetersburgRussia
  9. 9.Max-Planck-Institut für SonnensystemforschungGöttingenGermany
  10. 10.ESA Science Operations Departmentc/o NASA Goddard Space Flight CenterGreenbeltUSA
  11. 11.Lockheed Martin Solar & Astrophysics LaboratoryPalo AltoUSA
  12. 12.European Organisation for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere (ESO)Garching bei MünchenGermany
  13. 13.NASA Marshall Space Flight CenterHuntsvilleUSA
  14. 14.Departament de FisicaUniversitat de les Illes BalearsPalma de MallorcaSpain
  15. 15.Dept. of Earth and Space Sciences, Onsala Space ObservatoryChalmers University of TechnologyOnsalaSweden
  16. 16.National Astronomical Observatory of JapanMitakaJapan
  17. 17.Trinity College DublinDublin 2Ireland
  18. 18.School of Mathematics and StatisticsUniversity of St AndrewsSt AndrewsUK
  19. 19.Astronomical InstituteAcademy of SciencesOndr̆ejovCzech Republic
  20. 20.ZAHHeidelbergGermany
  21. 21.FHNWInstitute for 4D TechnologiesWindischSwitzerland
  22. 22.Space Vehicles DirectorateAFRLKirtland AFBUSA
  23. 23.Hamburger SternwarteHamburgGermany
  24. 24.Armagh ObservatoryArmaghN. Ireland
  25. 25.Centre for Fusion, Space and Astrophysics, Department of PhysicsUniversity of WarwickCoventryUK
  26. 26.Center for Astrophysics and Space AstronomyUniversity of ColoradoBoulderUSA
  27. 27.Centre for mathematical Plasma Astrophysics, Mathematics DepartmentKU LeuvenLeuvenBelgium
  28. 28.Department of PhysicsUniversity of IoanninaIoanninaGreece
  29. 29.Max-Planck-Institut for SonnensystemforschungGöttingenGermany
  30. 30.School of Space ResearchKyung Hee UniversityYonginRepublic of Korea
  31. 31.Institute of PhysicsUniversity of GrazGrazAustria
  32. 32.Abastumani Astrophysical Observatory at Ilia State UniversityTbilisiGeorgia
  33. 33.University of Vale do Paraíba (UNIVAP)São PauloBrazil

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