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Space Science Reviews

, Volume 174, Issue 1–4, pp 213–250 | Cite as

Volatile Trapping in Martian Clathrates

  • Olivier Mousis
  • Eric Chassefière
  • Jérémie Lasue
  • Vincent Chevrier
  • Megan E. Elwood Madden
  • Azzedine Lakhlifi
  • Jonathan I. Lunine
  • Franck Montmessin
  • Sylvain Picaud
  • Frédéric Schmidt
  • Timothy D. Swindle
Article

Abstract

Thermodynamic conditions suggest that clathrates might exist on Mars. Despite observations which show that the dominant condensed phases on the surface of Mars are solid carbon dioxide and water ice, clathrates have been repeatedly proposed to play an important role in the distribution and total inventory of the planet’s volatiles. Here we review the potential consequences of the presence of clathrates on Mars. We investigate how clathrates could be a potential source for the claimed existence of atmospheric methane. In this context, plausible clathrate formation processes, either in the close subsurface or at the base of the cryosphere, are reviewed. Mechanisms that would allow for methane release into the atmosphere from an existing clathrate layer are addressed as well. We also discuss the proposed relationship between clathrate formation/dissociation cycles and how potential seasonal variations influence the atmospheric abundances of argon, krypton and xenon. Moreover, we examine several Martian geomorphologic features that could have been generated by the dissociation of extended subsurface clathrate layers. Finally we investigate the future in situ measurements, as well as the theoretical and experimental improvements that will be needed to better understand the influence of clathrates on the evolution of Mars and its atmosphere.

Keywords

Mars Clathrates Polar caps Cryosphere Atmosphere 

Notes

Acknowledgements

O.M. acknowledges support from CNES. E.C. and A.L. acknowledge support from CNRS EPOV interdisciplinary program. T.S. acknowledges support from NASA Fundamental Research, and J.I.L. from JPL’s Distinguished Visiting Scientist Program. We wish to thank the organizers of the ISSI workshop for having been able to gather scientists from various fields around the Martian geochemistry. The authors are indebted to P.-Y. Meslin, C. Sotin, M. Toplis and M. Trainer whose comments and suggestions greatly improved this manuscript. M.E.E.M. acknowledges support from the NASA Planetary Geology and Geophysics Program.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Olivier Mousis
    • 1
    • 2
  • Eric Chassefière
    • 3
    • 4
  • Jérémie Lasue
    • 5
    • 6
  • Vincent Chevrier
    • 7
  • Megan E. Elwood Madden
    • 8
  • Azzedine Lakhlifi
    • 1
  • Jonathan I. Lunine
    • 9
  • Franck Montmessin
    • 10
  • Sylvain Picaud
    • 1
  • Frédéric Schmidt
    • 3
    • 4
  • Timothy D. Swindle
    • 11
  1. 1.Institut UTINAM, CNRS/INSU, UMR 6213Université de Franche-ComtéBesançon CedexFrance
  2. 2.UPS-OMP, CNRS-INSU, IRAPUniversité de ToulouseToulouseFrance
  3. 3.Laboratoire IDES, UMR 8148Univ. Paris-SudOrsayFrance
  4. 4.CNRSOrsayFrance
  5. 5.UPS-OMP, IRAPUniversité de ToulouseToulouseFrance
  6. 6.CNRSIRAPToulouse cedex 4France
  7. 7.W.M. Keck Laboratory for Space Simulation, Arkansas Center for Space and Planetary SciencesUniversity of ArkansasFayettevilleUSA
  8. 8.School of Geology and GeophysicsUniversity of OklahomaNormanUSA
  9. 9.Center for Radiophysics and Space ResearchCornell UniversityIthacaUSA
  10. 10.LATMOSCNRS/IPSL/UVSQGuyancourtFrance
  11. 11.Lunar and Planetary LaboratoryUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA

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