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Space Science Reviews

, Volume 162, Issue 1–4, pp 267–307 | Cite as

Modeling of Venus, Mars, and Titan

  • Esa KallioEmail author
  • Jean-Yves Chaufray
  • Ronan Modolo
  • Darci Snowden
  • Robert Winglee
Open Access
Article

Abstract

Increased computer capacity has made it possible to model the global plasma and neutral dynamics near Venus, Mars and Saturn’s moon Titan. The plasma interactions at Venus, Mars, and Titan are similar because each possess a substantial atmosphere but lacks a global internally generated magnetic field. In this article three self-consistent plasma models are described: the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) model, the hybrid model and the fully kinetic plasma model. Chamberlain and Monte Carlo models of the Martian exosphere are also described. In particular, we describe the pros and cons of each model approach. Results from simulations are presented to demonstrate the ability of the models to capture the known plasma and neutral dynamics near the three objects.

Keywords

Numerical modeling Full kinetic model Hybrid model Magnetohydrodynamic model Exosphere model Venus Mars Titan Planetary magnetospheres Planetary exospheres 

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Open AccessThis is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0), which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Esa Kallio
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jean-Yves Chaufray
    • 2
  • Ronan Modolo
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  • Darci Snowden
    • 6
  • Robert Winglee
    • 7
  1. 1.Finnish Meteorological InstituteHelsinkiFinland
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique, Institut Pierre Simon LaplaceCentre National de la Recherche ScientifiqueParisFrance
  3. 3.Université de Versailles Saint-QuentinVersailles cedexFrance
  4. 4.Laboratoire Atmosphères, Milieux et Observations SpatialesGuyancourtFrance
  5. 5.Centre National de la Recherche ScientifiqueGuyancourtFrance
  6. 6.Lunar and Planetary LaboratoryUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA
  7. 7.Department of Earth and Space SciencesUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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