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Phase Behaviour of Ices and Hydrates

Abstract

The primary volatile ‘rock-forming’ minerals in the icy satellites of the outer solar system include water-ice and various hydrated crystals of methane and ammonia. The rich polymorphism of these substances as a function of pressure and temperature are described in this chapter. This polymorphism has a fundamental influence on the exchange of mass and energy between the core and the surface of icy satellites. We describe the current state-of-the-art in our understanding of the high pressure phase behaviour and the measurements of thermoelastic and transport properties of these substances. In addition we describe the structures and properties of hydrated phases of methanol, sulfuric acid, and various sulfate salts.

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Fortes, A.D., Choukroun, M. Phase Behaviour of Ices and Hydrates. Space Sci Rev 153, 185–218 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11214-010-9633-3

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Keywords

  • Water ice
  • Methane clathrate
  • Ammonia
  • Methanol
  • Sulfuric acid
  • Sulfates
  • Polymorphism
  • Phase relations