Space Science Reviews

, Volume 152, Issue 1–4, pp 391–421 | Cite as

Induced Magnetic Fields in Solar System Bodies

  • Joachim Saur
  • Fritz M. Neubauer
  • Karl-Heinz Glassmeier
Article

Abstract

Electromagnetic induction is a powerful technique to study the electrical conductivity of the interior of the Earth and other solar system bodies. Information about the electrical conductivity structure can provide strong constraints on the associated internal composition of planetary bodies. Here we give a review of the basic principles of the electromagnetic induction technique and discuss its application to various bodies of our solar system. We also show that the plasma environment, in which the bodies are embedded, generates in addition to the induced magnetic fields competing plasma magnetic fields. These fields need to be treated appropriately to reliably interpret magnetic field measurements in the vicinity of solar system bodies. Induction measurements are particularly important in the search for liquid water outside of Earth. Magnetic field measurements by the Galileo spacecraft provide strong evidence for a subsurface ocean on Europa and Callisto. The induction technique will provide additional important constraints on the possible subsurface water, when used on future Europa and Ganymede orbiters. It can also be applied to probe Enceladus and Titan with Cassini and future spacecraft.

Electromagnetic induction Magnetic fields Solar system bodies 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joachim Saur
    • 1
  • Fritz M. Neubauer
    • 1
  • Karl-Heinz Glassmeier
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Institut für Geophysik und MeteorologieUniversität zu KölnCologneGermany
  2. 2.Institut für Geophysik und extraterrestrische PhysikTU BraunschweigBraunschweigGermany
  3. 3.Max Planck Institut für SonnensystemforschungKatlenburg-LindauGermany

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