Space Science Reviews

, Volume 139, Issue 1–4, pp 235–265 | Cite as

Solar System Ionospheres

  • O. Witasse
  • T. Cravens
  • M. Mendillo
  • J. Moses
  • A. Kliore
  • A. F. Nagy
  • T. Breus


This article reviews our understanding of the ionospheres in the solar system. It provides some basic information on the sources and sinks of the ionospheric plasma, its dynamics, the energetics and the coupling to the neutral atmosphere. Ionospheres in the solar system are reviewed and comparative ionospheric topics are discussed.


Ionospheres Planetology 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. Witasse
    • 1
  • T. Cravens
    • 2
  • M. Mendillo
    • 3
  • J. Moses
    • 4
  • A. Kliore
    • 5
  • A. F. Nagy
    • 6
  • T. Breus
    • 7
  1. 1.European Space AgencyNoordwijkThe Netherlands
  2. 2.University of KansasLawrenceUSA
  3. 3.Boston UniversityBostonUSA
  4. 4.Lunar and Planetary InstituteHoustonUSA
  5. 5.Jet Propulsion LaboratoryPasadenaUSA
  6. 6.Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space SciencesUniversity of MichiganAnn ArbourUSA
  7. 7.Space Research InstituteMoscowRussia

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