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Space Science Reviews

, Volume 137, Issue 1–4, pp 511–519 | Cite as

DEMETER Observations of EM Emissions Related to Thunderstorms

  • M. ParrotEmail author
  • J. J. Berthelier
  • J. P. Lebreton
  • R. Treumann
  • J. L. Rauch
Article

Abstract

The paper is related to specific emissions at frequency <3 MHz observed by the low altitude satellite DEMETER in relation with the thunderstorm activity. At its altitude (∼700 km), the phenomena observed on the E-field and B-field spectrograms recorded by the satellite are mainly dominated by whistlers. Particular observations performed by DEMETER are reported. It concerns multiple hop whistlers and interaction between whistlers and lower hybrid noise. Two new phenomena discovered by the satellite are discussed. First, V-shaped emissions up to 20 kHz are observed at mid-latitude during night time. They are centered at the locations of intense thunderstorm activity. By comparison with VLF saucers previously observed by other satellites in the auroral zones it is hypothesized that the source region is located below the satellite and that the triggering mechanism is due to energetic electrons accelerated during sprite events. Second, emissions at frequency ∼2 MHz are observed at the time of intense whistlers. These emissions are produced in the lower ionosphere in probable relation with Transient Luminous Events (TLEs).

Keywords

Lightning Ionosphere VLF and HF emissions: whistlers 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Parrot
    • 1
    Email author
  • J. J. Berthelier
    • 2
  • J. P. Lebreton
    • 3
  • R. Treumann
    • 4
    • 5
  • J. L. Rauch
    • 1
  1. 1.LPCE/CNRSOrléans cedex 2France
  2. 2.CETPObservatoire de Saint MaurSaint Maur des Fossés cedexFrance
  3. 3.Research and Scientific Support DepartmentESA/ESTECNoordwijkThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Geophysics Section, Department of Geophysics and Environmental SciencesMunich UniversityMunichGermany
  5. 5.International Space Science InstituteBernSwitzerland

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