Space Science Reviews

, Volume 137, Issue 1–4, pp 149–173 | Cite as

Cosmic Ray Induced Ion Production in the Atmosphere

  • G. A. Bazilevskaya
  • I. G. Usoskin
  • E. O. Flückiger
  • R. G. Harrison
  • L. Desorgher
  • R. Bütikofer
  • M. B. Krainev
  • V. S. Makhmutov
  • Y. I. Stozhkov
  • A. K. Svirzhevskaya
  • N. S. Svirzhevsky
  • G. A. Kovaltsov
Article

Abstract

An overview is presented of basic results and recent developments in the field of cosmic ray induced ionisation in the atmosphere, including a general introduction to the mechanism of cosmic ray induced ion production. We summarize the results of direct and indirect measurements of the atmospheric ionisation with special emphasis to long-term variations. Models describing the ion production in the atmosphere are also overviewed together with detailed results of the full Monte-Carlo simulation of a cosmic ray induced atmospheric cascade. Finally, conclusions are drawn on the present state and further perspectives of measuring and modeling cosmic ray induced ionisation in the terrestrial atmosphere.

Keywords

Atmosphere Ionisation Cosmic rays 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. A. Bazilevskaya
    • 1
  • I. G. Usoskin
    • 2
  • E. O. Flückiger
    • 3
  • R. G. Harrison
    • 4
  • L. Desorgher
    • 3
  • R. Bütikofer
    • 3
  • M. B. Krainev
    • 1
  • V. S. Makhmutov
    • 1
  • Y. I. Stozhkov
    • 1
  • A. K. Svirzhevskaya
    • 1
  • N. S. Svirzhevsky
    • 1
  • G. A. Kovaltsov
    • 5
  1. 1.Lebedev Physical Institute Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Sodankylä Geophysical ObservatoryUniversity of OuluOuluFinland
  3. 3.Physikalisches InstitutUniversity of BernBernSwitzerland
  4. 4.University of ReadingReadingUK
  5. 5.Ioffe Physical-Technical InstituteSt. PetersburgRussia

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