Cosmic Ray Induced Ion Production in the Atmosphere
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- Bazilevskaya, G.A., Usoskin, I.G., Flückiger, E.O. et al. Space Sci Rev (2008) 137: 149. doi:10.1007/s11214-008-9339-y
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An overview is presented of basic results and recent developments in the field of cosmic ray induced ionisation in the atmosphere, including a general introduction to the mechanism of cosmic ray induced ion production. We summarize the results of direct and indirect measurements of the atmospheric ionisation with special emphasis to long-term variations. Models describing the ion production in the atmosphere are also overviewed together with detailed results of the full Monte-Carlo simulation of a cosmic ray induced atmospheric cascade. Finally, conclusions are drawn on the present state and further perspectives of measuring and modeling cosmic ray induced ionisation in the terrestrial atmosphere.