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Space Science Reviews

, Volume 134, Issue 1–4, pp 379–403 | Cite as

The Chemical Enrichment of the ICM from Hydrodynamical Simulations

  • S. BorganiEmail author
  • D. Fabjan
  • L. Tornatore
  • S. Schindler
  • K. Dolag
  • A. Diaferio
Open Access
Article

Abstract

The study of the metal enrichment of the intra-cluster and inter-galactic media (ICM and IGM) represents a direct means to reconstruct the past history of star formation, the role of feedback processes and the gas-dynamical processes which determine the evolution of the cosmic baryons. In this paper we review the approaches that have been followed so far to model the enrichment of the ICM in a cosmological context. While our presentation will be focused on the role played by hydrodynamical simulations, we will also discuss other approaches based on semi-analytical models of galaxy formation, also critically discussing pros and cons of the different methods. We will first review the concept of the model of chemical evolution to be implemented in any chemo-dynamical description. We will emphasise how the predictions of this model critically depend on the choice of the stellar initial mass function, on the stellar life-times and on the stellar yields. We will then overview the comparisons presented so far between X-ray observations of the ICM enrichment and model predictions. We will show how the most recent chemo-dynamical models are able to capture the basic features of the observed metal content of the ICM and its evolution. We will conclude by highlighting the open questions in this study and the direction of improvements for cosmological chemo-dynamical models of the next generation.

Keywords

Cosmology: numerical simulations Galaxies: clusters Hydrodynamics X-ray: galaxies 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Borgani
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • D. Fabjan
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • L. Tornatore
    • 1
  • S. Schindler
    • 4
  • K. Dolag
    • 5
  • A. Diaferio
    • 6
    • 7
  1. 1.Department of AstronomyUniversity of TriesteTriesteItaly
  2. 2.INAF—National Institute for AstrophysicsTriesteItaly
  3. 3.INFN—National Institute for Nuclear Physics, Sezione di TriesteTriesteItaly
  4. 4.Institut für Astro- und TeilchenphysikUniversität InnsbruckInnsbruckAustria
  5. 5.Max-Planck-Institut für AstrophysikGarching bei MünchenGermany
  6. 6.Dipartimento di Fisica Generale “Amedeo Avogadro”Università degli Studi di TorinoTorinoItaly
  7. 7.INFN—National Institute for Nuclear Physics, Sezione di TorinoTorinoItaly

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