Advertisement

Space Science Reviews

, Volume 136, Issue 1–4, pp 487–528 | Cite as

S/WAVES: The Radio and Plasma Wave Investigation on the STEREO Mission

  • J. L. Bougeret
  • K. Goetz
  • M. L. Kaiser
  • S. D. Bale
  • P. J. Kellogg
  • M. Maksimovic
  • N. Monge
  • S. J. Monson
  • P. L. Astier
  • S. Davy
  • M. Dekkali
  • J. J. Hinze
  • R. E. Manning
  • E. Aguilar-Rodriguez
  • X. Bonnin
  • C. Briand
  • I. H. Cairns
  • C. A. Cattell
  • B. Cecconi
  • J. Eastwood
  • R. E. Ergun
  • J. Fainberg
  • S. Hoang
  • K. E. J. Huttunen
  • S. Krucker
  • A. Lecacheux
  • R. J. MacDowall
  • W. Macher
  • A. Mangeney
  • C. A. Meetre
  • X. Moussas
  • Q. N. Nguyen
  • T. H. Oswald
  • M. Pulupa
  • M. J. Reiner
  • P. A. Robinson
  • H. Rucker
  • C. Salem
  • O. Santolik
  • J. M. Silvis
  • R. Ullrich
  • P. Zarka
  • I. Zouganelis
Article

Abstract

This paper introduces and describes the radio and plasma wave investigation on the STEREO Mission: STEREO/WAVES or S/WAVES. The S/WAVES instrument includes a suite of state-of-the-art experiments that provide comprehensive measurements of the three components of the fluctuating electric field from a fraction of a hertz up to 16 MHz, plus a single frequency channel near 30 MHz. The instrument has a direction finding or goniopolarimetry capability to perform 3D localization and tracking of radio emissions associated with streams of energetic electrons and shock waves associated with Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs). The scientific objectives include: (i) remote observation and measurement of radio waves excited by energetic particles throughout the 3D heliosphere that are associated with the CMEs and with solar flare phenomena, and (ii) in-situ measurement of the properties of CMEs and interplanetary shocks, such as their electron density and temperature and the associated plasma waves near 1 Astronomical Unit (AU). Two companion papers provide details on specific aspects of the S/WAVES instrument, namely the electric antenna system (Bale et al., Space Sci. Rev., 2007) and the direction finding technique (Cecconi et al., Space Sci. Rev., 2007).

Keywords

Solar radioastronomy Space instrumentation 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. M.H. Acuña et al., Space Sci. Rev. (2007, this issue). doi: 10.1007/s11214-007-9259-2 Google Scholar
  2. M.J. Aschwanden, L.F. Burlaga, M.L. Kaiser et al., Space Sci. Rev. (2006). doi: 10.1007/s11214-006-9027-8 Google Scholar
  3. S.D. Bale, P.J. Kellogg, D.E. Larson et al., Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 2929 (1998) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  4. S.D. Bale, M.J. Reiner, J.-L. Bougeret et al., Geophys. Res. Lett. 26(11), 1573 (1999) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. S.D. Bale, P.J. Kellogg, F.S. Mozer, T.S. Horbury, H. Reme, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(21), 2150021 (2005) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. S.D. Bale, R. Ullrich, K. Goetz et al., Space Sci. Rev. (2007, this issue). doi: 10.1007/s11214-007-9251-x Google Scholar
  7. D.A. Biesecker, D.F. Webb, O.C. St. Cyr, Space Sci. Rev. (2007, this issue). doi: 10.1007/s11214-007-9165-7 Google Scholar
  8. J.-L. Bougeret, J. Fainberg, R.G. Stone, Astron. Astrophys. 141, 17 (1984) ADSGoogle Scholar
  9. J.-L. Bougeret, M.L. Kaiser, P.J. Kellogg et al., Space Sci. Rev. 71, 231 (1995) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  10. J.-L. Bougeret, P. Zarka, C. Caroubalos et al., Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 2513 (1998) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. G.E. Brueckner, R.A. Howard, M.J. Koomen et al., Sol. Phys. 162, 357 (1995) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. I.H. Cairns, J. Geophys. Res. 91, 2975 (1986) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. I.H. Cairns, J. Geophys. Res. 93, 3958 (1988) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  14. I.H. Cairns, M.L. Kaiser, in The Review of Radio Science: 1999–2002, ed. by W.R. Stone (IEEE Press, 2002), p. 749 Google Scholar
  15. I.H. Cairns, S.A. Knock, in Planetary Radio Emissions VI, ed. by H. Rucker, W.S. Kurth, G. Mann (2006), p. 499 Google Scholar
  16. I.H. Cairns, P.A. Robinson, Geophys. Res. Lett. 24, 369 (1997) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  17. I.H. Cairns, P.A. Robinson, Astrophys. J. 509, 471 (1998) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. I.H. Cairns, P.A. Robinson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(15), 3066 (1999) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  19. H.V. Cane, R.G. Stone, J. Fainberg et al., Geophys. Res. Lett. 12, 1285 (1981) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  20. B. Cecconi, X. Bonnin, S. Hoang et al., Space Sci. Rev. (2007, this issue). doi: 10.1007/s11214-007-9255-6 zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  21. L.M. Celnikier, C.C. Harvey, R. Jegou, P. Moricet, M. Kemp, Astron. Astrophys. 126(2), 293 (1983) ADSGoogle Scholar
  22. L.M. Celnikier, L. Muschietti, M.V. Goldman, Astron. Astrophys. 181(1), 138 (1987) ADSGoogle Scholar
  23. G.A. Dulk, Y. Leblanc, J.-L. Bougeret, Geophys. Res. Lett. 26, 2331 (1999) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  24. J. Eichstedt, W.T. Thompson, O.C. St. Cyr, Space Sci. Rev. (2007, this issue). doi: 10.1007/s11214-007-9249-4 Google Scholar
  25. R.E. Ergun, D. Larson, R.P. Lin et al., Astrophys. J. 503, 435 (1998) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  26. G.B. Field, Astrophys. J. 124, 555 (1956) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  27. V.L. Ginzberg, V.V. Zheleznyakov, Soviet Astron. 2, 653 (1958) ADSGoogle Scholar
  28. N. Gopalswamy, S. Yashiro, M.L. Kaiser, R.A. Howard, J.-L. Bougeret, Astrophys. J. 548, L91 (2001a) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  29. N. Gopalswamy, A. Lara, S. Yashiro, M.L. Kaiser, R.A. Howard, J. Geophys. Res. 106, 29207 (2001b) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  30. N. Gopalswamy, S. Yashiro, G. Michalek et al., Astrophys. J. 572, L103 (2002) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  31. N. Gopalswamy, E. Aguilar-Rodriguez, S. Yashiro et al., J. Geophys. Res. 110(A12) (2005). CiteID12S07 Google Scholar
  32. D.A. Gurnett, W.S. Kurth, D.L. Kirchner et al., Space Sci. Rev. 114, 395 (2004) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  33. R.A. Hess, R.J. MacDowall, J. Geophys. Res. 108(A8) (2003). CiteID 1313 Google Scholar
  34. D.E. Hinkel-Lipsker, B.D. Fried, G.J. Morales, Phys. Fluids B 4, 559 (1992) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  35. S. Hoang, N. Meyer-Vernet, K. Issautier, M. Maksimovic, M. Moncuquet, Astron. Astrophys. 316, 430 (1996) ADSGoogle Scholar
  36. S. Hoang, M. Poquerusse, J.-L. Bougeret, Sol. Phys. 172, 307 (1997) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  37. S. Hoang, M. Maksimovic, J.-L. Bougeret, M.J. Reiner, M.L. Kaiser, Geophys. Res. Lett. 25(14), 2497 (1998) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  38. Howard et al., SECCHI paper., Space Sci. Rev. (2008, this issue) Google Scholar
  39. K. Issautier, N. Meyer-Vernet, M. Moncuquet, S. Hoang, J. Geophys. Res. 103, 1969 (1998) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  40. K. Issautier, N. Meyer-Vernet, M. Moncuquet, S. Hoang, D.J. McComas, J. Geophys. Res. 104, 6691 (1999) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  41. K. Issautier, M. Moncuquet, N. Meyer-Vernet, S. Hoang, R. Manning, Astrophys. Space Sci. 277, 309 (2001a) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  42. K. Issautier, R.M. Skoug, J.T. Gosling, S.P. Gary, D.J. McComas, J. Geophys. Res. 106, 15665 (2001b) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  43. P.J. Kellogg, Astron. Astrophys. 169, 329 (1986) ADSGoogle Scholar
  44. P.J. Kellogg, Planet. Space Sci. 51, 681 (2003) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  45. P.J. Kellogg, N. Lin, The 31st ESLAB Symposium, Correlated Phenomena at the Sun, the Heliosphere and in Geospace, ed. by A. Wilson, SP-415 (ESTEC, Noordwijk, 1997) Google Scholar
  46. P.J. Kellogg, D.A. Gurnett, G.B. Hospodarsky, W.S. Kurth, Geophys. Res. Lett. 28, 87 (2001) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  47. P.J. Kellogg, D.A. Gurnett, G.B. Hospodarsky et al., J. Geophys. Res. 108(A1) (2003). CiteID 1045 Google Scholar
  48. P.J. Kellogg, S.D. Bale, F.S. Mozer, T.S. Horbury, H. Reme, Astrophys. J. 645, 704 (2006) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  49. S.A. Knock, I.H. Cairns, J. Geophys. Res. 10(A1) (2005). CiteID A01101 Google Scholar
  50. D.E. Larson, R.P. Lin, J. Steinberg, Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 157 (2000) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  51. Y. Leblanc, G.A. Dulk, J.-L. Bougeret, Sol. Phys. 183, 165 (1998) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  52. R.P. Lin, D.W. Potter, D.A. Gurnett, F.L. Scarf, Astrophys. J. 251, 364 (1981) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  53. N. Lin, P.J. Kellogg, R.J. MacDowall et al., Geophys. Res. Lett. 30(19), 8029 (2003). doi: 10.1029/2003GL017244 CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  54. J.G. Luhmann, D.W. Curtis, P. Schroeder et al., Space Sci. Rev. (2007, this issue). doi: 10.1007/s11214-007-9170-x Google Scholar
  55. M. Maksimovic, S. Hoang, N. Meyer-Vernet et al., J. Geophys. Res. 100(A10), 19881 (1995) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  56. M. Maksimovic, J.-L. Bougeret, C. Perche et al., Geophys. Res. Lett. 25(8), 1265 (1998) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  57. W. Macher, Transfer matrix description of multi-port antennas and its application to the Mars Express/MARSIS radar. Doctoral Thesis, University of Technology, Graz, 2005 Google Scholar
  58. W. Macher, T.H. Oswald, H.O. Rucker, G. Fischer, STEREO-WAVES antennas: Reception properties in the quasi-static frequency range. Technical Report of the Space Research Institute of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, IWF-178, 2006 Google Scholar
  59. D.B. Melrose, Sol. Phys. 79, 173 (1982) CrossRefADSMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  60. N. Meyer-Vernet, C. Perche, J. Geophys. Res. 94, 2405 (1989) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  61. N. Meyer-Vernet, P. Couturier, S. Hoang, C. Perche, J.-L. Steinberg, Geophys. Res. Lett. 13, 279 (1986) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  62. N. Meyer-Vernet, P. Couturier, S. Hoang, C. Perche, J.-L. Steinberg, AGU Monograph on Measurements Techniques in Space Plasmas. Geophysical Monograph, vol. 103 (1998), p. 205 Google Scholar
  63. M. Moncuquet, N. Meyer-Vernet, S. Hoang, J. Geophys. Res. 100, 21697 (1995) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  64. T.H. Oswald, W. Macher, H.O. Rucker et al., Adv. Space Res. (2006a, submitted) Google Scholar
  65. T.H. Oswald, W. Macher, G. Fischer et al., in Planetary Radio Emissions VI, ed. by H.O. Rucker, W.S. Kurth, G. Mann (Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, Vienna, 2006b), p. 475 Google Scholar
  66. A. Pedersen, Ann. Geophys. 13, 118 (1995) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  67. M. Poquerusse, S. Hoang, J.-L. Bougeret, M. Moncuquet, AIP Conf. Proc. 382, 62 (1996) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  68. M. Pulupa, S.D. Bale, American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2006, abstract #SM13A-0349 (2006) Google Scholar
  69. M.J. Reiner, M.L. Kaiser, Geophys. Res. Lett. 26(3), 397 (1999) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  70. M.J. Reiner, M.L. Kaiser, J. Fainberg, R.G. Stone, J. Geophys. Res. 103, 29651 (1998a) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  71. M.J. Reiner, M.L. Kaiser, J. Fainberg, J.-L. Bougeret, R.G. Stone, Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 2493 (1998b) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  72. M.J. Reiner, M.L. Kaiser, J. Fainberg, R.G. Stone, J. Geophys. Res. 103, 1923 (1998c) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  73. M.J. Reiner, M. Karlicky, K. Jiricka et al., Astrophys. J. 530, 1049 (2000) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  74. M.J. Reiner, M.L. Kaiser, M. Karlicky, K. Jiricka, J.-L. Bougeret, Sol. Phys. 204, 123 (2001a) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  75. M.J. Reiner, M.L. Kaiser, J.-L. Bougeret, J. Geophys. Res. 106, 29989 (2001b) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  76. M.J. Reiner, B.V. Jackson, D.F. Webb et al., J. Geophys. Res. 100(A9) (2005). CiteID 109S14 Google Scholar
  77. M.J. Reiner, J. Fainberg, M.L. Kaiser, J.-L. Bougeret, Sol. Phys. 241(2), 351 (2007a) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  78. M.J. Reiner, M.L. Kaiser, J.-L. Bougeret, Astrophys. J. 663(2), 1369 (2007b) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  79. P.A. Robinson, Sol. Phys. 139, 147 (1992) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  80. P.A. Robinson, I.H. Cairns, D.A. Gurnett, Astrophys. J. 407, 790 (1993) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  81. P.A. Robinson, Phys. Plasmas 2, 1466 (1995) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  82. P.A. Robinson, Rev. Mod. Phys. 69, 507 (1997) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  83. P.A. Robinson, I.H. Cairns, Sol. Phys. 181, 363 (1998a) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  84. P.A. Robinson, I.H. Cairns, Sol. Phys. 181, 395 (1998b) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  85. P.A. Robinson, I.H. Cairns, Phys. Plasmas 8, 2394 (2001) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  86. H.O. Rucker, W. Macher, G. Fischer et al., Adv. Space Res. 36, 1530–1533 (2005) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  87. C. Salem, J.-M. Bosqued, D.E. Larson et al., J. Geophys. Res. 106, 21701 (2001) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  88. K. Saito, A.J. Poland, R.H. Munro, Sol. Phys. 55, 121 (1977) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  89. R. Schwenn, A. Dal Lago, E. Huttumen, W.D. Gonzalez, Ann. Geophys. 23, 1033 (2005) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. J.-L. Steinberg, S. Hoang, A. Lecacheux, M.G. Aubier, G.A. Dulk, Astron. Astrophys. 140, 39 (1984) ADSGoogle Scholar
  91. R.G. Stone, J.-L. Bougeret, J. Caldwell et al., Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser. 92, 291 (1992) ADSGoogle Scholar
  92. E.C. Stone, A.M. Frandsen, R.A. Mewaldt et al., Space Sci. Rev. 86, 1 (1998) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  93. G. Thejappa, R.J. MacDowall, Bull. Am. Astron. Soc. 37, 1502 (2005) ADSGoogle Scholar
  94. T.W. Unti, M. Neugebauer, B.E. Golstein, Astrophys. J. 180, 591 (1973) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  95. A.J. Willes, I.H. Cairns, Publ. Astron. Soc. Aust. 18, 355 (2001) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  96. L. Yin, M. Ashour-Abdalla, R.L. Richard, L.A. Frank, W.R. Paterson, J. Geophys. Res. 104, 12415 (1999) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. L. Bougeret
    • 1
  • K. Goetz
    • 2
  • M. L. Kaiser
    • 3
  • S. D. Bale
    • 4
    • 5
  • P. J. Kellogg
    • 2
  • M. Maksimovic
    • 1
  • N. Monge
    • 1
  • S. J. Monson
    • 2
  • P. L. Astier
    • 1
  • S. Davy
    • 1
  • M. Dekkali
    • 1
  • J. J. Hinze
    • 2
  • R. E. Manning
    • 1
  • E. Aguilar-Rodriguez
    • 4
  • X. Bonnin
    • 1
  • C. Briand
    • 1
  • I. H. Cairns
    • 6
  • C. A. Cattell
    • 2
  • B. Cecconi
    • 1
  • J. Eastwood
    • 4
  • R. E. Ergun
    • 7
  • J. Fainberg
    • 3
  • S. Hoang
    • 1
  • K. E. J. Huttunen
    • 4
  • S. Krucker
    • 4
  • A. Lecacheux
    • 1
  • R. J. MacDowall
    • 3
  • W. Macher
    • 8
  • A. Mangeney
    • 1
  • C. A. Meetre
    • 3
  • X. Moussas
    • 9
  • Q. N. Nguyen
    • 1
  • T. H. Oswald
    • 8
  • M. Pulupa
    • 4
    • 5
  • M. J. Reiner
    • 10
    • 3
  • P. A. Robinson
    • 6
  • H. Rucker
    • 8
  • C. Salem
    • 4
  • O. Santolik
    • 11
    • 12
  • J. M. Silvis
    • 2
  • R. Ullrich
    • 4
  • P. Zarka
    • 1
  • I. Zouganelis
    • 1
  1. 1.LESIA, UMR CNRS 8109Observatoire de ParisMeudonFrance
  2. 2.School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA
  3. 3.NASAGoddard Space Flight CenterGreenbeltUSA
  4. 4.Space Sciences LaboratoryUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  5. 5.Physics DepartmentUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  6. 6.School of PhysicsUniversity of SydneySydneyAustralia
  7. 7.Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space PhysicsUniversity of ColoradoBoulderUSA
  8. 8.Space Research InstituteAustrian Academy of SciencesGrazAustria
  9. 9.Section of Astrophysics, Astronomy and Mechanics, Department of PhysicsUniversity of AthensAthensGreece
  10. 10.The Catholic University of AmericaWashingtonUSA
  11. 11.Faculty of Mathematics and PhysicsCharles UniversityPragueCzech Republic
  12. 12.IAP/CASPragueCzech Republic

Personalised recommendations