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Space Science Reviews

, Volume 133, Issue 1–4, pp 103–179 | Cite as

Observations of the Sun at Vacuum-Ultraviolet Wavelengths from Space. Part II: Results and Interpretations

  • Klaus Wilhelm
  • Eckart Marsch
  • Bhola N. Dwivedi
  • Uri Feldman
Open Access
Article

Abstract

In Part I of this review, the concepts of solar vacuum-ultraviolet (VUV) observations were outlined together with a discussion of the space instrumentation used for the investigations. A section on spectroradiometry provided some quantitative results on the solar VUV radiation without considering any details of the solar phenomena leading to the radiation. Here, in Part II, we present solar VUV observations over the last decades and their interpretations in terms of the plasma processes and the parameters of the solar atmosphere, with emphasis on the spatial and thermal structures of the chromosphere, transition region and corona of the quiet Sun. In addition, observations of active regions, solar flares and prominences are included as well as of small-scale events. Special sections are devoted to the elemental composition of the solar atmosphere and theoretical considerations on the heating of the corona and the generation of the solar wind.

Keywords

Solar VUV—observations and interpretations Solar atmosphere Solar plasma processes and parameters 

Abbreviations

ACE

Advanced Composition Explorer

BCS

Bragg Crystal Spectrometer

CDS

Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer

CI

Carbonaceous Ivuna

CHASE

Coronal Helium Abundance Spacelab Experiment

CME

Coronal Mass Ejection

DEM

Differential Emission Measure

EIT

Extreme-ultraviolet Imaging Telescope

EUV

Extreme Ultraviolet

FIP

First Ionization Potential

FUSE

Far-Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer

GIS

Grazing-Incidence Spectrometer

HCO

Harvard College Observatory

HRTS

High-Resolution Telescope and Spectrograph

ISSI

International Space Science Institute

IUE

International Ultraviolet Explorer

JOP

Joint Observing Programme

KPNSO

Kitt Peak National Solar Observatory

LASCO

Large Angle Spectroscopic Coronagraph

LASP

Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics

LOS

Line of Sight

MDI

Michelson Doppler Imager

MHD

Magneto-Hydrodynamics

MICA

Mirror Coronagraph for Argentina

MPS

Max-Planck-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung

MSDP

Multichannel Subtractive Double Pass

MSSTA

Multi-Spectral Solar Telescope Array

NRL

Naval Research Laboratory

NIXT

Normal-Incidence X-ray Telescope

OSO

Orbiting Solar Observatory

QLT

Quasi-Linear Theory

RESIK

Rentgenovsky Spektrometr s Izognutymi Kristalami

SEM

Solar Extreme-ultraviolet Monitor

SERTS

Solar Extreme-ultraviolet Research Telescope and Spectrograph

SMM

Solar Maximum Mission

SOHO

Solar and Heliospheric Observatory

SOLFLEX

Solar Flare X-rays

SOLSTICE

Solar-Stellar Irradiance Comparison Experiment

STEREO

Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory

SUMER

Solar Ultraviolet Measurements of Emitted Radiation

SWICS

Solar Wind Ion Composition Spectrometer

SXT

Soft X-ray Telescope

THEMIS

Telescopio Heliografico para el Estudio del Magnetismo y de las Inestabilidades Solares

TRACE

Transition Region and Coronal Explorer

TRC

Transition Region Camera

UCS

Ultraviolet Coronal Spectrometer

UVCS

Ultraviolet Coronagraph Spectrometer

UVSP

Ultraviolet Spectrometer and Polarimeter

VAULT

Very high Angular-resolution Ultraviolet Telescope

VDF

Velocity Distribution Function

VLA

Very Large Array

VUV

Vacuum Ultraviolet

WKB

Wentzel–Kramers–Brillouin (method)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Klaus Wilhelm
    • 1
  • Eckart Marsch
    • 1
  • Bhola N. Dwivedi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Uri Feldman
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung (MPS)Katlenburg-LindauGermany
  2. 2.Department of Applied Physics, Institute of TechnologyBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia
  3. 3.Artep Inc.Ellicott CityUSA
  4. 4.E.O. Hulburt Center for Space ResearchNaval Research Laboratory (NRL)WashingtonUSA

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