Advertisement

Space Science Reviews

, Volume 136, Issue 1–4, pp 529–547 | Cite as

The Electric Antennas for the STEREO/WAVES Experiment

  • S. D. Bale
  • R. Ullrich
  • K. Goetz
  • N. Alster
  • B. Cecconi
  • M. Dekkali
  • N. R. Lingner
  • W. Macher
  • R. E. Manning
  • J. McCauley
  • S. J. Monson
  • T. H. Oswald
  • M. Pulupa
Article

Abstract

The STEREO/WAVES experiment is designed to measure the electric component of radio emission from interplanetary radio bursts and in situ plasma waves and fluctuations in the solar wind. Interplanetary radio bursts are generated from electron beams at interplanetary shocks and solar flares and are observed from near the Sun to 1 AU, corresponding to frequencies of approximately 16 MHz to 10 kHz. In situ plasma waves occur in a range of wavelengths larger than the Debye length in the solar wind plasma λ D ≈10 m and appear Doppler-shifted into the frequency regime down to a fraction of a Hertz. These phenomena are measured by STEREO/WAVES with a set of three orthogonal electric monopole antennas. This paper describes the electrical and mechanical design of the antenna system and discusses efforts to model the antenna pattern and response and methods for in-flight calibration.

Keywords

Sun: magnetic field Sun: flares Sun: coronal mass ejections 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. C.A. Balanis, Antenna Theory (Wiley, New York, 1997) Google Scholar
  2. S.D. Bale, D. Burgess, P.J. Kellogg, K. Goetz, S.J. Monson, J. Geophys. Res. 102, 11–281 (1997) Google Scholar
  3. S.D. Bale, P.J. Kellogg, K. Goetz, S.J. Monson, Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 9 (1998) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  4. S.D. Bale, M.J. Reiner, J.-L. Bougeret, M.L. Kaiser, S. Krucker, D.E. Larson, R.P. Lin, Geophys. Res. Lett. 26, 1573 (1999) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. S.D. Bale, P.J. Kellogg, F.S. Mozer, T.S. Horbury, H. Reme, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 215002 (2005) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. J.-L. Bougeret et al., Space Sci. Rev. (2007, this issue) Google Scholar
  7. I.H. Cairns, D.B. Melrose, J. Geophys. Res. 90, 6637 (1985) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  8. B. Cecconi, P. Zarka, Radio Sci. 40, RS3003 (2005). doi: 10.1029/2004RS003070 CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. J. Fainberg, L.G. Evans, R.G. Stone, Science 178, 743 (1972) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  10. R.J. Fitzenreiter, A.J. Klimas, J.D. Scudder, Geophys. Res. Lett. 5, 496 (1984) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. M.V. Goldman, Rev. Mod. Phys. 56, 709 (1984) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. R.J.L. Grard, J. Geophys. Res. 78, 2885 (1973) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. D.A. Gurnett, Principles of Space Plasma Wave Instrument Design. AGU Geophysical Monograph, vol. 103 (1998), p. 121 Google Scholar
  14. P. Harvey, F.S. Mozer, D. Pankow, J. Wygant, N.C. Maynard, H. Singer, W. Sullivan, P.B. Anderson, R. Pfaff, T. Aggson, A. Pedersen, C.-G. Falthammar, P. Tanskannen, Space Sci. Rev. 71, 583 (1995) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  15. M.L. Kaiser, J.K. Alexander, A.C. Riddle, J.B. Pearce, J.W. Warwick, Geophys. Res. Lett. 5, 857 (1978) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. P.J. Kellogg, Astron. Astrophys. 169, 329 (1986) ADSGoogle Scholar
  17. P.J. Kellogg, S.D. Bale, J. Geophys. Res. 106(18), 721 (2001) ADSGoogle Scholar
  18. P.J. Kellogg, S.D. Bale, F.S. Mozer, T.S. Horbury, H. Reme, Astrophys. J. 645, 704 (2006) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  19. D. Krauss-Varban, D. Burgess, J. Geophys. Res. 96, 143 (1991) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  20. D.E. Larson, R.P. Lin, J. Steinberg, Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 157 (2000) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  21. M.M. Leroy, A. Mangeney, Ann. Geophys. 2, 449 (1984) ADSGoogle Scholar
  22. J.G. Luhmann et al., Space Sci. Rev. (2007, this issue). doi: 10.1007/s11214-007-9170-x Google Scholar
  23. N. Meyer-Vernet, C. Perche, J. Geophys. Res. 94, 2405 (1989) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  24. J.C. Novaco, L.W. Brown, Astrophys. J. 221, 114 (1978) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  25. A. Pedersen, F. Mozer, G. Gustafsson, Electric Field Measurements in a Tenuous Plasma with Spherical Double Probes. AGU Geophysical Monograph, vol. 103 (1998) Google Scholar
  26. H.O. Rucker, W. Macher, R. Manning, H.P. Ladreiter, Radio Sci. 31, 1299 (1996) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  27. D. Vogl, B. Cecconi, W. Macher, P. Zarka, H.P. Ladreiter, P. Fedou, A. Lecacheux, T. Averkamp, G. Fischer, H.O. Rucker, D.A. Gurnett, W.S. Kurth, G.B. Hospodarsky, J. Geophys. Res. 109, A09S17 (2004). doi:  10.1029/2003JA010261 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. C.S. Wu, J. Geophys. Res. 89, 8857 (1984) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  29. P. Zarka, B. Cecconi, W.S. Kurth, J. Geophys. Res. 109, A09S15 (2004). doi: 10.1029/2003JA010260 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. D. Bale
    • 1
    • 2
  • R. Ullrich
    • 2
  • K. Goetz
    • 3
  • N. Alster
    • 1
  • B. Cecconi
    • 4
  • M. Dekkali
    • 4
  • N. R. Lingner
    • 1
  • W. Macher
    • 5
  • R. E. Manning
    • 4
  • J. McCauley
    • 2
  • S. J. Monson
    • 3
  • T. H. Oswald
    • 5
  • M. Pulupa
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Physics DepartmentUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  2. 2.Space Sciences LaboratoryUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  3. 3.School of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA
  4. 4.LESIAObservatoire de ParisMeudonFrance
  5. 5.Space Research InstituteAustrian Academy of SciencesGrazAustria

Personalised recommendations