Advertisement

Springer Nature is making Coronavirus research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Hermean Magnetosphere-Solar Wind Interaction

Abstract

The small intrinsic magnetic field of Mercury together with its proximity to the Sun makes the Hermean magnetosphere unique in the context of comparative magnetosphere study. The basic framework of the Hermean magnetosphere is believed to be the same as that of Earth. However, there exist various differences which cause new and exciting effects not present at Earth to appear. These new effects may force a substantial correction of our naïve predictions concerning the magnetosphere of Mercury. Here, we outline the predictions based on our experience at Earth and what effects can drastically change this picture. The basic structure of the magnetosphere is likely to be understood by scaling the Earth’s case but its dynamic aspect is likely modified significantly by the smallness of the Hermean magnetosphere and the substantial presence of heavy ions coming from the planet’s surface.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. D.N. Baker, J.A. Simpson, J.H. Eraker, J. Geophys. Res. 91, 8742–8748 (1986)

  2. A. Balogh, Planet. Space Sci. 45, 1 (1997)

  3. W. Baumjohann, R.A. Treumann, Basic Space Plasma Physics (Imperial College Press, London, 1996)

  4. W. Baumjohann, A. Matsuoka, K.-H. Glassmeier, C.T. Russell, T. Nagai, M. Hoshino, T. Nakagawa, A. Balogh, J.A. Slavin, R. Nakamura, W. Magnes, Adv. Space Res. 38, 604 (2006)

  5. T.A. Bida, R.M. Killen, T.H. Morgan, Nature 404, 159–161 (2000)

  6. A.L. Broadfoot, D.E. Shemansky, S. Kumar, Geophys. Res. Lett. 3, 577–580 (1976)

  7. J. Büchner, L.M. Zelenyi, J. Geophys. Res. 94, 11821–11842 (1989)

  8. M.N. Caan, R.L. McPherron, C.T. Russell, J. Geophys. Res. 78, 8087 (1973)

  9. J. Chen, J. Geophys. Res. 97, 15011–15050 (1992)

  10. S.P. Christon, Icarus 71, 448–471 (1987)

  11. F.V. Coroniti, C.F. Kennel, J. Geophys. Res. 77, 3361–3370 (1972)

  12. F.V. Coroniti, C.F. Kennel, J. Geophys. Res. 78, 2837–2851 (1973)

  13. T.E. Cravens, J.U. Kozyra, A.F. Nagy, T.I. Gombosi, M. Kurtz, J. Geophys. Res. 92, 7341–7353 (1987)

  14. G. Cremonese, H. Boehnhardt, J. Crovisier, H. Rauer, A. Fitzsimmons, M. Fulle, J. Licandro, D. Pollacco, G.P. Tozzi, R.M. West, Astrophys. J. 490, L199–L202 (1997)

  15. H. DeSterck, S. Poedts, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5524–5527 (2000)

  16. I.A. Daglis, in Magnetic Storms, ed. by B.T. Tsurutani et al., AGU Monograph, vol. 98 (AGU, Washington, 1997).

  17. J.H. Eraker, J.A. Simpson, J. Geophys. Res. 91, 9973–9993 (1986)

  18. D.H. Fairfield, J. Jones, J. Geophys. Res. 101, 9113–9119 (1996)

  19. D.H. Fairfield, A. Otto, T. Mukai, S. Kokubun, R.P. Lepping, J.T. Steinberg, A.J. Lazarus, T. Yamamoto, J. Geophys. Res. 105, 21159–21174 (2000)

  20. G. Fjeldbo, A. Kliore, D. Sweetnam, P. Esposito, B. Seidel, T. Howard, Icarus 29, 439–444 (1976)

  21. M. Fujimoto, T. Terasawa, J. Geophys. Res. 99, 8601 (1994)

  22. G. Giampieri, A. Balogh, Planet. Space Sci. 49, 1637–1642 (2001)

  23. K.-H. Glassmeier, in Magnetospheric Current Systems. Geophys. Monograph, vol. 118 (AGU, Washington, 2000), pp. 371.

  24. J. Grosser, K.-H. Glassmeier, S. Stadelmann, Planet. Space Sci. 52, 1251–1260 (2004)

  25. H. Hasegawa, M. Fujimoto et al., Nature 430, 755 (2004)

  26. T.W. Hill, A.J. Dessler, R.A. Wolf, Geophys. Res. Lett. 3, 429–432 (1976)

  27. R.E. Holzer, J.A. Slavin, J. Geophys. Res. 83, 3831–3839 (1978)

  28. L.L. Hood, G. Schubert, J. Geophys. Res. 84, 2641–2647 (1979)

  29. D.M. Hunten, T.M. Morgan, D.E. Shemansky, in Mercury, ed. by F. Vilas, C.R. Chapman, M.S. Matthews (University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 1988), pp. 562–612.

  30. W.-H. Ip, A. Kopp, J. Geophys. Res. 107, 1348 (2002). doi:10.1029/2001JA009171

  31. W.-H. Ip, A. Kopp, Adv. Space Res. 33, 2172–2175 (2004)

  32. J.R. Johnson, C.Z. Cheng, Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 1423 (1997)

  33. K. Kabin, T.I. Gombosi, D.L. DeZeeuw, K.G. Powell, Icarus 143, 397–406 (2000)

  34. K. Kabin, J. Plasma Phys. 66, 259–274 (2001)

  35. E. Kallio, P. Janhunen, Adv. Space Res. 33, 2176–2181 (2004)

  36. L.M. Kistler et al., J. Geophys. Res. 111, A11222 (2006). doi:10.1029/2006JA011939

  37. Y. Kobayashi et al., Adv. Space. Res. (2007, in press)

  38. H. Korth et al., Planet. Space Sci. 54, 733–746 (2004)

  39. B. Lavraud, M.F. Thomsen, B. Lefebvre, S.J. Schwartz, K. Seki, T.D. Phan, Y.L. Wang, A. Fazakerley, H. Rème, A. Balogh, J. Geophys. Res. 111, A05211 (2006). doi:10.1029/2005JA011266

  40. W. Li, J. Raeder, J. Dorelli, M. Øieroset, T.D. Phan, Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L12S08 (2005). doi: 10.1029/2004GL021524

  41. R. Lundin, S. Barabash, P. Brandt, L. Eliasson, C.M.C. Naim, O. Norberg, I. Sandahl, Adv. Space Res. 19, 1593–1607 (1997)

  42. J.G. Luhmann, C.T. Russell, L.H. Brace, O.L. Vaisberg, H.H. Kiefer, in Mars, ed. by H.H. Kiefer et al., (University of Arizona Press, Tucscon, 1992)

  43. J.G. Luhmann, C.T. Russell, N.A. Tsyganenko, J. Geophys. Res. 103, 9113–9119 (1998)

  44. S. Marchi, A. Morbidelli, G. Cremonese, Astron. Astrophys. 431, 1123–1127 (2005)

  45. Y. Matsumoto, M. Hoshino, J. Geophys. Res. 111, A05213 (2006). doi:10.1029/2004JA010988

  46. S.E. Milan, M. Lester, S.W.H. Cowley, K. Oksavik, M. Brittnacher, R.A. Greenwald, G. Sofko, J.-P. Villaian, Ann. Geophys. 21, 1121–1140 (2003)

  47. A. Miura, J. Geophys. Res. 89, 9801 (1984)

  48. A. Miura, Geophys. Res. Lett. 92, 3195 (1990)

  49. T.H. Morgan, R.M. Killen, Planet. Space Sci. 45, 81–94 (1997)

  50. T.H. Morgan, D.E. Shemansky, J. Geophys. Res. 96, 1351–1367 (1991)

  51. H. Nagano, J. Plasma Phys. 20, 149–160 (1978)

  52. H. Nagano, Planet. Space Sci. 27, 881–884 (1979)

  53. R. Nakamura, W. Baumjohann, A. Runov, M. Volwerk, T.L. Zhang, B. Klecker, Y. Bogdanova, A. Roux, A. Balogh, H. Réme, J.A. Sauvaud, H.U. Frey, Geophys. Res. Lett. 2(9), 2140 (2002). doi: 10.1029/2002GL016200

  54. R. Nakamura, W. Baumjohann, Y. Asano, A. Runov, A. Balogh, C.J. Owen, A.N. Fazakerley, M. Fujimoto, B. Klecker, H. Rème, J. Geophys. Res. 111, A11206 (2006). doi:10.1029/2006JA011706

  55. T.K.M. Nakamura, D. Hayashi, M. Fujimoto, I. Shinohara, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 145001 (2004)

  56. N.F. Ness, K.W. Behannon, R.P. Lepping, Y.C. Whang, Nature 255, 204 (1975)

  57. A. Nishida et al., J. Geophys. Res. 100, 23663–23675 (1995)

  58. K.W. Ogilvie, J.D. Scudder, V.M. Vasyliunas, R.E. Hartle, G.L. Siscoe, J. Geophys. Res. 82, 1807–1824 (1977)

  59. M. Øieroset, J. Raeder, T.D. Phan, S. Wing, J.P. McFadden, W. Li, M. Fujimoto, H. Rème, A. Balogh, Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L12S07 (2005). doi:10.1029/2004GL021523

  60. G. Paschmann, I. Papamastorakis, W. Baumjohann, N. Sckopke, C.W. Carlson, B.U.Ö. Sonnerup, H. Lühr, J. Geophys. Res. 91, 11099 (1986)

  61. A.E. Potter, T.H. Morgan, Science, 229, 651–653 (1985)

  62. A.E. Potter, T.H. Morgan, Icarus, 67, 336–340 (1986)

  63. A. Runov, V.A. Sergeev, W. Baumjohann, R. Nakamura, S. Apatenkov, Y. Asano, M. Volwerk, Z. Vörös, T.L. Zhang, A. Petrukovich, A. Balogh, J.-A. Sauvaud, B. Klecker, H. Rème, Ann. Geophys. 23, 1391–1403 (2005)

  64. A. Runov, V.A. Sergeev, R. Nakamura, W. Baumjohann, S. Apatenkov, Y. Asano, T. Takada, M. Volwerk, Z. Vörös, T.L. Zhang, J.-A. Sauvaud, H. Rème, A. Balogh, Ann. Geophys. 24, 247–262 (2006)

  65. C.T. Russell, D.N. Baker, J.A. Slavin, in Mercury, ed. by F. Vilas, C.R. Chapman, M.S. Matthews (University of Arizona Press, Tucscon, 1988), pp. 514–561.

  66. M. Sarantos, P.H. Reiff, T.W. Hill, R.M. Killen, A.L. Urquhart, Planet. Space Sci. 49, 1629–1635 (2001)

  67. N. Sckopke, G. Paschmann, H. Rosenbauer, D.H. Fairfield, J. Geophys. Res. 81, 2687–2691 (1976)

  68. P. Song, C.T. Russell, J. Geophys. Res. 97, 1411–1420 (1992)

  69. J.A. Simpson, J.H. Eraker, J.E. Lamport, P.H. Walpole, Science 185, 160–166 (1974)

  70. D.G. Sibeck, R.E. Lopez, E.C. Roelof, J. Geophys. Res. 96, 5489–5495 (1991)

  71. G.L. Siscoe, N.F. Ness, C.M. Yeates, J. Geophys. Res. 80, 4359–4363 (1975)

  72. G.L. Siscoe, L. Christopher, Geophys. Res. Lett. 2, 158–160 (1975)

  73. J.A. Slavin, Adv. Space. Res. 33, 1859–1874 (2004)

  74. J.A. Slavin, C.J. Owen, J.E.P. Connerney, S.P. Christon, Planet. Space Sci. 45, 133–141 (1997)

  75. J.A. Slavin, R.E. Holzer, J. Geophys. Res. 84, 2076–2082 (1979)

  76. J.A. Slavin, R.E. Holzer, J. Geophys. Res. 86, 11401–11418 (1981)

  77. J.A. Slavin, B.T. Tsurutani, E.J. Smith, D.E. Jones, D.G. Sibeck, Geophys. Res. Lett. 10(10), 973–976 (1983)

  78. J.A. Slavin, E.J. Smith, D.G. Sibeck, D.N. Baker, R.D. Zwickl, S.-I. Akasofu, J. Geophys. Res. 90, 10875–10895 (1985)

  79. W.H. Smyth, M.L. Marconi, Astrophys. J. 441, 839–864 (1995)

  80. T. Spohn, F. Sohl, K. Wieczerkowski, V. Conzelmann, Planet. Space Sci. 49, 1561–1570 (2001)

  81. A.L. Sprague, R.W.H. Kozlowski, D.M. Hunten, W.K. Wells, F.A. Gross, Icarus 96, 277–342 (1992)

  82. J.R. Spreiter, A.L. Summers, A.Y. Alksne, Planet. Space Sci. 14, 223–253 (1966)

  83. S. Taguchi, R.A. Hoffman, J. Geophys. Res. 100, 19313–19320 (1995)

  84. N. Terada, S. Machida, H. Shinagawa, J. Geophys. Res. 107, 1471 (2002). doi:10.1029/2001JA009224

  85. T. Terasawa et al., Geophys. Res. Lett. 24, 935–938 (1997)

  86. N.A. Tsyganenko, in Proc. 3rd Conf. Substorms (ICS3), ESA SP-389 (1996), pp. 181–185

  87. Y.C. Whang, J. Geophys. Res. 82, 1024–1030 (1977)

  88. P. Wurz, H. Lammer, Icarus 164, 1–13 (2003)

  89. L.M. Zelenyi, H.V. Malova, V.Yu. Popov, D. Delcourt, A.S. Sharma, Nonlinear Process. Geophys. 11, 1–9 (2004)

  90. L.M. Zelenyi et al., Geophys. Res. Lett. (2007, submitted)

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to W. Baumjohann.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Fujimoto, M., Baumjohann, W., Kabin, K. et al. Hermean Magnetosphere-Solar Wind Interaction. Space Sci Rev 132, 529–550 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11214-007-9245-8

Download citation

Keywords

  • Mercury
  • Magnetosphere
  • Substorm
  • Solar wind